[llvm-dev] LAA behavior on Incorrect #pragma omp simd.

Raja Sekhar Bhetala via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Wed Jun 26 02:54:23 PDT 2019

Hi All,
   I have a doubt regarding the behavior of LoopAccessAnalysis on
incorrect  #pragma omp simd with -fopenmp-simd flag.
How should the compiler behave if the #pragma omp simd on a loop is
incorrect and can be proved by Loop Access Analysis.

Here is the sample code.

  #pragma omp simd

for (dim_t p = 0; p < m; ++p)

#pragma unroll

       for (dim_t i = 0; i < 6; ++i) {
            (((r[i]).real)) += (((a[p + i * lda]).real)) * (((x[p]).real)) +
                               (((a[p + i * lda]).imag)) * (((x[p]).imag));
            (((r[i]).imag)) += (((a[p + i * lda]).imag)) * (((x[p]).real)) -
                               (((a[p + i * lda]).real)) * (((x[p]).imag));
The specification on this loop is incorrect as the parallel_accesses
metadata indicate that there is no loop carried memory dependence, which is
not true in this case.

In the default flow, LICM hoists and sinks the loads and stores of r[i]
and the loop vectorizer vectorizes this loop based on

If the hoist and sink transformation is prevented for some accesses for
some reason in LICM, Loop vectorizer currently generates incorrect vector
code without any warning.  Although a check is being done in
LoopAccessAnalysis.cpp to detect such cases (
HasDependenceInvolvingLoopInvariantAddress),  LAA does not warn if the
metadata is present.

Is this expected ?
Shouldn't the compiler not Vectorize if it can prove that there is a loop
carried dependence and the Vectorizer will generate an incorrect code ?
Or Should it blindly follow the user directive (without a warning) ?

It is very difficult for the user to identify the real source of the
problem if the compiler vectorizes the loop silently. I agree its hard to
detect incorrect specifications. But for cases, where it is easy to detect
we should atleast dump a warning.

I am attaching a sample input file on which loop vectorizer generates
incorrect code.
run with : opt -loop-vectorize

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