[llvm-bugs] [Bug 43389] New: possible deadlock in termination path on Windows

via llvm-bugs llvm-bugs at lists.llvm.org
Fri Sep 20 13:24:52 PDT 2019


            Bug ID: 43389
           Summary: possible deadlock in termination path on Windows
           Product: libc++
           Version: unspecified
          Hardware: PC
                OS: Windows NT
            Status: NEW
          Severity: enhancement
          Priority: P
         Component: All Bugs
          Assignee: unassignedclangbugs at nondot.org
          Reporter: compnerd at compnerd.org
                CC: llvm-bugs at lists.llvm.org, mclow.lists at gmail.com

Consider the following program:

#include <cstdio>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <iostream>
#include <thread>

int main()
    std::setvbuf(stdout, NULL, _IOLBF, 0x1000);
    std::cout << "Hello, world!";
    std::thread t([&] { std::_Exit(0); });
    return 0;

The `std::_Exit` will invoke the DLL destructors, from the invoking thread and
after terminating all other threads in the process.  Because the main thread
was holding the lock on `stdout` when it was terminated, this will result in an
orphaned CriticalSection which the DLL destructor will attempt to acquire. 
Fortunately, Windows will identify that the CriticalSection is orphaned and
terminate the program.  This is not however guaranteed, and if the underlying
libc does not use a CriticalSection to handle the locking, the application may

This is visible to the user by having the program be terminated by a ^C sent to
the application while the application is writing to the console (and thus
acquiring the lock to the output stream).  The destructor will attempt to flush
the stream before program termination, which will attempt to re-acquire the now
orphaned lock.


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