[LLVMdev] Calling LLVM API from within an llvm::Module

Nick Lewycky nicholas at mxc.ca
Mon Oct 6 22:32:17 PDT 2008

Marc-André Cournoyer wrote:
> Hi,
> I'm looking into LLVM to build a self-hosting compiler. I'm trying to  
> understand how to call LLVM from within a compiled LLVM Module (if  
> that's possible).
> As a first step I was just trying to compile some code that uses LLVM  
> to LLVM bytecode, but can't get it to work.
> $ cat test.cpp
> #include <llvm/Module.h>
> int main (int argc, char const *argv[]) {
>    llvm::Module *mod = new llvm::Module("test");
>    return 0;
> }
> # Compiling w/ no bytecode
> $ llvm-gcc -c test.cpp `llvm-config --cppflags` -o test.o
> $ llvm-gcc `llvm-config --ldflags --libs core` test.o # works fine
> # Compiling to bytecode
> $ llvm-gcc -emit-llvm -c test.cpp `llvm-config --cppflags` -o test.o
> $ llvm-gcc `llvm-config --ldflags --libs core` test.o # craps w/  
> following: http://pastie.textmate.org/private/t33luliw4mdf7l2zkj8hg
> Is that supposed to work?

Try llvm-g++ instead of llvm-gcc. The difference is that g++ knows to 
link against libstdc++ while gcc won't. Your link error shows your 
linker being unable to find std::__throw_length_error, and that might be 

There's no fundamental reason what you're doing won't work. Keep at it! 
I've often found that it helps to use llvm-config ... all instead of 
listing which libraries you actually need. (If you do that and it fixes 
things, please file a bug.)

Nick Lewycky

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