[llvm-dev] [cfe-dev] [RFC] Introducing a byte type to LLVM

James Courtier-Dutton via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Sun Jun 6 00:54:51 PDT 2021


I would also oppose adding a byte type, but mainly because the bug
report mentioned (https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=37469) is not
a bug at all.
The example in the bug report is just badly written C code.

int main() {
  int A[4], B[4];
  printf("%p %p\n", A, &B[4]);
  if ((uintptr_t)A == (uintptr_t)&B[4]) {
    store_10_to_p(A, &B[4]);
    printf("%d\n", A[0]);
  return 0;

"int B[4];" allows values between 0 and 3 only, and referring to 4 in
&B[4] is undef, so in my view, it is correctly optimised out which is
why it disappears in -O3.

Kind Regards


On Sun, 6 Jun 2021 at 05:26, Chris Lattner via cfe-dev
<cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org> wrote:
> On Jun 4, 2021, at 11:25 AM, John McCall via cfe-dev <cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org> wrote:On 4 Jun 2021, at 11:24, George Mitenkov wrote:
> Hi all,
> Together with Nuno Lopes and Juneyoung Lee we propose to add a new byte
> type to LLVM to fix miscompilations due to load type punning. Please see
> the proposal below. It would be great to hear the
> feedback/comments/suggestions!
> Motivation
> ==========
> char and unsigned char are considered to be universal holders in C. They
> can access raw memory and are used to implement memcpy. i8 is the LLVM’s
> counterpart but it does not have such semantics, which is also not
> desirable as it would disable many optimizations.
> I don’t believe this is correct. LLVM does not have an innate
> concept of typed memory. The type of a global or local allocation
> is just a roundabout way of giving it a size and default alignment,
> and similarly the type of a load or store just determines the width
> and default alignment of the access. There are no restrictions on
> what types can be used to load or store from certain objects.
> C-style type aliasing restrictions are imposed using tbaa
> metadata, which are unrelated to the IR type of the access.
> I completely agree with John.  “i8” in LLVM doesn’t carry any implications about aliasing (in fact, LLVM pointers are going towards being typeless).  Any such thing occurs at the accesses, and are part of TBAA.
> I’m opposed to adding a byte type to LLVM, as such semantic carrying types are entirely unprecedented, and would add tremendous complexity to the entire system.
> -Chris
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