[llvm-dev] [GlobalISel] Narrowing uneven/non-pow-2 types

Dominik Montada via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Wed Mar 25 00:53:26 PDT 2020

Hi Matt,

thanks for responding. I left a couple of comments down below.

Am 24.03.20 um 18:26 schrieb Matt Arsenault:
>> On Mar 24, 2020, at 12:24, Dominik Montada via llvm-dev <llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org> wrote:
>> Hi all,
>> recently when working with GlobalISel we have often encountered cases in the legalizer where instructions could not be narrowed because the narrowing code relies on G_UNMERGE_VALUES and therefore requires the source type to be a multiple of the narrow type. Often times these instructions can be widened without any problem to a fitting type.
>> This has us writing legalization rules like `.widenScalarToNextPow2(0, /*MinSize*/ 32).maxScalar(0, s32)` instead of the much simpler `.clampScalar(0, s32 ,s32)`.
>> Although this works and has the desired effect, we feel like that such a rule requires internal knowledge of the legalizer, which can change at any point in the future. Ideally we would only want to say `clampScalar` and let the legalizer handle the rest, even if it requires extending the type before it can be narrowed.
> Being able to specify the order of specific legalization steps is pretty useful, and one area I found frustrating in SelectionDAG. For example, we do use custom lowering in some places to hack around the order that operation expansion and legalization is done. In this particular case, another helper may be useful, since forcing a power of 2 and bounding the size are two distinct constraints.

Hm, I see. That makes a lot of sense. What could such a helper look 
like? I was thinking about something along the lines of 
clampScalarWithWiden or narrowScalarWithWiden (if you have better 
suggestions, I would highly appreciate it) which would be a short-hand 
for a widen to the next multiple of the narrow type and narrowScalar.

My main concern here is that if at one point in the future narrowing for 
an uneven type suddenly gets supported, I would rather have the 
legalizer skip the widen, which would not work with such a helper, as 
far as I'm aware.

I guess what I would actually prefer is a helper which first tries to 
narrow and if it doesn't work uses widen before trying again.

>> We were now wondering if such a behavior in the legalizer is even desired? I.e. that an instruction is extended to an easier-to-handle type even though narrowing was requested (as long as the narrowing is done in the end)?
> I would need more context on this question, and what specifically you are hitting. The current set of implemented legalization rules is fairly incomplete, and not all operations use a consistent strategy

Basically we have an architecture which only works on 32-bit types and 
we are starting to hit many of the edge cases. For example this 
particular question arose because we are seeing the following LLVM-IR, 
which we cannot legalize with our current legalization rules:

     %6 = zext i32 %5 to i33
     %7 = zext i32 %0 to i33
     %8 = mul i33 %6, %7
     %9 = lshr i33 %8, 1
     %10 = trunc i33 %9 to i32

       .clampScalar(0, s32, s32);

       .legalFor({{s32, s32}})
       .clampScalar(1, s32, s32)
       .clampScalar(0, s32, s32);

We would be able to legalize the above code if we just add a 
widenScalarToNextPow2 before the clampScalar in both cases. However we 
only know that this will work because we looked at the narrowing code 
and we are now having an internal discussion if our legalization rules 
should rely on such implementation details. Furthermore, this then 
raises the question if other instructions also need this 
widen-before-narrow pattern because a straight narrow action would not 
work, even though we're not seeing any actual failures due to them so far.

I hope that clarifies the context of this problem.

> -Matt



Dominik Montada                   Email: dominik.montada at hightec-rt.com
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