[llvm-dev] Possible bug in CLANG/LLVM

David Greene via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Mon Mar 23 04:48:14 PDT 2020

James Courtier-Dutton via llvm-dev <llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org> writes:

> Disassembly of section .text:
> 0000000000000000 <test99>:
>    0:   b8 00 00 00 00          mov    $0x0,%eax    <---32 bit HERE
>                         1: R_X86_64_32  .data
>    5:   c3                      retq
> In this case, %eax is supposed to be a 64bit pointer on x86-64
> While mov $0x0,%eax zero extends to fill %rax. Can there be situation
> where, when the program is linked and loaded as part of a larger
> program or dynamically loaded as a .so lib, the address of .data might
> be > 32bits ?
> What is it that forces the .data segment to be loaded < 32bits address ?

Nothing.  By default clang compiles for the x86_64 small memory model,
which on SysV systems means pointers are assumed to be < 32 bits (it's a
bit more complicated than that, see the SysV ABI document for details).

> I see that the linux elf loader, will fail to load the program if the
> address is >32 bits, and also compiling with -fPIC gets round the
> problem to an extent.

If you try to link the object and pointers exceed the small memory
model assumptions you will get messages about truncated relocations.
The executable will link but will probably not run correctly.

You can force the large memory model with -mcmodel=large:

clang -mcmodel=large -c -O1 test.c
objdump -d test.o

0000000000000000 <foo>:
   0:   48 b8 00 00 00 00 00    movabs $0x0,%rax
   7:   00 00 00 
   a:   c3                      retq   

The medium memory model is a compromise between the small and large
models.  "small" objects are assumed to have addresses < 32 bits while
"large" objects can have addresses > 32 bits.

The reason -fPIC works is that -fPIC forces all addresses through
the GOT, whose entries can be > 32 bits.

clang -fPIC -c -O1 test.c
objdump -d test.o

0000000000000000 <foo>:
   0:   48 8d 05 00 00 00 00    lea    0x0(%rip),%rax        # 7 <foo+0x7>
   7:   c3                      retq   

There is also -fpic, which assumes the GOT itself doesn't exceed some
specified size.  For x86_64 there is no such limit so the two options
are equivalent on that platform.


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