[llvm-dev] Demotion of shared symbols resolved from the dynamic linker.

Fāng-ruì Sòng via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Mon Mar 2 16:31:12 PST 2020

On 2020-03-02, Sean Fertile wrote:
>The target is specifically PowerPC64, I've created a bugzilla with the
>reproducer: https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=45076 and an explanation
>of what is causing the failure when linking with LLD.
>It is dropped from DT_NEEDED entries because it only provides definitions
>> resolving weak references.
>You are right it is not added to DT_NEEDED by any of the linkers, I was
>looking at the output from ldd which shows it as a dependency and I didn't
>realize that it wasn't marked as needed. There is still a behavior
>difference between what lld does: demotes the symbol to undefined and emits
>a got entry with no dynamic relocation, and what both gold and bfd do: emit
>the relocation for the got entry. Is this difference intended?

Commented on https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=45076

I think this is an area where lld should not copy GNU ld's inconsistent behaviors.

Both ld.bfd -pie b.o -o b -z dynamic-undefined-weak and  ld.bfd -pie b.o -o b -z nodynamic-undefined-weak
resolve an R_X86_64_64 statically to 0.

We should probably switch to a better glibc detection mechanism. &__libc_stack_end cannot be used on powerpc64.

>On Fri, Feb 28, 2020 at 3:44 PM Fāng-ruì Sòng <maskray at google.com> wrote:
>> On Fri, Feb 28, 2020 at 7:24 AM Sean Fertile via llvm-dev <
>> llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org> wrote:
>>> On PowerPC we have a failing address sanitizer test when linking with
>>> LLD. The issue is that the symbol '__libc_stack_end' is resolved to an
>>> undefined weak symbol when linking with LLD but not when linking (with the
>>> exact same command/input) with other linkers. Tracing the symbol I see it
>>> is resolved to a definition in the dynamic linker as expected:
>>> /home/sfertile/LLVM_MonoRepo/build/lib/clang/11.0.0/lib/linux/libclang_rt.asan-powerpc64le.a(sanitizer_linux.cpp.o):
>>> reference to __libc_stack_end
>>> /lib/powerpc64le-linux-gnu/libpthread.so.0: reference to __libc_stack_end
>>> /lib/powerpc64le-linux-gnu/ld64.so.2: shared definition of
>>> __libc_stack_end
>>> <internal>: reference to __libc_stack_end
>>> The last line in the trace output shows where we demote the shared
>>> definition to an undefined symbol here:
>>> https://github.com/llvm/llvm-project/blob/c8bfed05e21f945b5ac71cd01d62e2854a8ddcf9/lld/ELF/Driver.cpp#L1505
>>> I'm guessing the fix is that if `needsInterpSection()` is true then the
>>> dynamic linker should be marked as needed. Its going to end up in the
>>> DT_NEEDED anyway so the symbols can't become dangling references. In my
>>> case then, the demotion won't happen and everything works as expected. Is
>>> this the right direction?
>> Can you name the target and upload a reproduce file (--reproduce=) ?
>> I have checked the x86-64 case: clang -fsanitize=address -fuse-ld=lld a.c
>> -o a -Wl,-y,__libc_stack_end
>> The demotion works as expected. ld.so is linked because of AS_NEEDED(...)
>> in libc.so (a linker script).
>> It is dropped from DT_NEEDED entries because it only provides definitions
>> resolving weak references.
>> --dynamic-linker= pointing to ld.so does not mean ld.so will be added to

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