[llvm-dev] [RFC] Add support for options -fp-model= and -fp-speculation= : specify floating point behavior

Blower, Melanie via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Wed May 29 08:37:25 PDT 2019

Intel would like to contribute a patch to implement support for these Intel- and Microsoft -fp options.  This message is to describe the options and request feedback from the community.
-fp-model=[precise|strict|fast|except[-]] and

This contribution would dovetail with the llvm patch "Teach the IRBuilder about constrained fadd and friends" which is under review here, https://reviews.llvm.org/D53157/new/.  I have a patch ready to review that works with D53157.  The motivation for providing these is that having a single option to control most basic FP options is better and easier to understand for users.

The option settings -fp-model=[precise|strict|fast|except] are supported by both ICC and CL. The fp-speculation option is supported only by ICC.  The CL and ICC -fp-model option is documented on these pages: 

Currently, clang's default behavior corresponds to -fp-model=precise.  Clang/llvm support for -fp-model=[strict|except] is being developed in the D53157 patch, and there is current llvm support for the fast settings by using the fast math flags llvm::FastMathFlags.  Note: the clang-cl wrapper to support Microsoft options has simplified support for these options by mapping /fp-model=except to ftrapping-math, fp-mdel=fast to ffast-math, fp-model=precise and fp-model=strict to fno-fast-math (see clang/Driver/CLCompatOptions.td).

According to the online options documentation, you can combine except[-] with [precise|strict|fast], but combining both fast and except is not a valid setting (the Driver will emit an error). 
    precise - Disables optimizations that are not value-safe on floating-point data, although FP contraction is enabled.
    strict - Enables precise and except, disables contractions (FMA), and enables pragma stdc fenv_access.   
    fast - Equivalent to -ffast-math
    except/except- - Determines whether strict floating-point exception semantics are honored.

The ICC option -fp-speculation is described here,
These are the meanings of the fp-speculation settings:
    fast - Tells the compiler to speculate on floating-point operations.  This is equivalent to "fpexcept.ignore" in the constrained intrinsics review D53157.
    strict - Tells the compiler to disable speculation on floating-point operations.  This is equivalent to "fpexcept.strict" in the constrained intrinsics review D53157.
    safe - Tells the compiler to disable speculation if there is a possibility that the speculation may cause a floating-point exception.  This is equivalent to "fpexcept.maytrap" in the constrained intrinsics review D53157.

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