[llvm-dev] [cfe-dev] Propagating llvm.assume across function calls to enhance de-virtualization

Piotr Padlewski via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Thu Nov 12 15:04:14 PST 2015

There are another things left:
1. Adding check for ubsan to detect UBs caused by inplace new
2. upgrading GVN to optimize based on !invariant.group across BBs
3. Adding something like "nocapture-global" that will say that this pointer
is not being captured by global, but may be captured for example by
returning it from function.
This thing is important because this is exactly what
invariant.group.barrier is doing, and right now, because it is not
nocapture, emiting this intransic may remove nocapture from function in
which we
emit invariant.group.barrier.
4. Fix compile time regression caused by many assume instructions (after
constructor call). I don't remember which pass it was, but there was one
pice of code that had some huge complexity,
and we coudn't make it better enough to make this change imperceptible. I
am not sure what would be good solution to this - maybe there should be
some other assume like intrinsic for
doing this numbers assumes that we had problem.
5. Maybe add logic that will remove all invariant.group stuff when doing
LTO with module that was not compiled with -fstrict-vtable-pointers.

Besides the things that Richard said.


2015-11-12 23:40 GMT+01:00 Richard Smith via cfe-dev <cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org

> On Thu, Nov 12, 2015 at 2:24 PM, Geoff Berry via cfe-dev <
> cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org> wrote:
>> Hi All,
>> I have a two-part de-virtualization enhancement that I’m considering
>> working on and am looking for any feedback on how feasible it is.  The two
>> parts are:
>> 1.       llvm: Extending inter-procedural SCCP (or some other IPO module
>> pass) to propagate llvm.assume’s across function calls.  The basic idea
>> would be to collect the set of assumptions for each argument at each call
>> sight and compute the intersection across all call sites, then duplicate
>> the intersection assumption computations in the callee.  The reason I’m
>> starting with SCCP is that it already deals with keeping track of computing
>> when all of a function’s possible call sites are known, as well as merging
>> values in a lattice.
> Given that we use !invariant.group loads when loading vptrs, what
> additional value do you think you can get from this? An example of a case
> where you could do better than the current approach of
> -fstrict-vtable-pointers with this technique would help a lot in
> understanding this.
>> 2.       clang: Emitting llvm.assume vtable load sequences for each
>> global variable with virtual functions referenced inside a function.  This
>> is similar to what is currently done for local variables and would produce
>> more vtable load assumptions to be propagated by (1).
> Given that it's valid to placement new another object on top of a global,
> there are some limits on what we can do here -- we can only emit these
> assumption loads at places in the code where we know the original vptr is
> present. For instance, we can do this at any point where we emit a member
> access or member function call on an object of known dynamic type (whether
> it's local or global), but we cannot do so when such an object is passed by
> reference into a function or when its address is taken (those operations
> don't require the object to be within its lifetime).
> Related to (2), does anyone know what the status is of enabling clang’s
>> –fstrict-vtable-pointers by default?  Are there known issues with this code
>> that would need to be resolved as well?
> There are two known issues:
> 1) At the IR level (but not at the object code level), it introduces an
> ABI break: for LTO, all modules must be built with the same setting of the
> flag or the necessary invariant barriers may be missing, resulting in
> incorrect devirtualization in rare cases. (If you try to LTO modules with
> different settings for the flag, we trap the problem and issue an error.)
> 2) Not all optimization passes have been updated to understand
> @llvm.invariant.group.barrier, and as such, inserting it can sometimes
> result in a pessimization when optimization passes are unable to correctly
> reason about it. Thus the flag may degrade performance.
> Plus, of course, it can cause existing code that breaks the language rules
> to start misbehaving (as with any of the -fstrict-* flags that optimize on
> UB).
>> Thanks,
>> --
>> Geoff Berry
>> Employee of Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc.
>> Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc. is a member of Code Aurora Forum, a
>> Linux Foundation Collaborative Project
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