[Lldb-commits] [PATCH] D85241: [intel-pt] Disable/Enable tracing to guarantee the trace is correct

walter erquinigo via Phabricator via lldb-commits lldb-commits at lists.llvm.org
Tue Aug 4 12:57:50 PDT 2020

wallace created this revision.
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As mentioned in the comment inside the code, the Intel documentation
states that the internal CPU buffer is flushed out to RAM only when tracing is
disabled. Otherwise, the buffer on RAM might be stale.

This diff disables tracing when the trace buffer is going to be read. This is a
quite safe operation, as the reading is done when the inferior is paused at a
breakpoint, so we are not losing any packets because there's no code being

After the reading is finished, tracing is enabled back.

It's a bit hard to write a test for this now, as Greg Clayton and I will
refactor the PT support, but I tested manually by doing a script that automates
the following flow

  (lldb) b main
  Breakpoint 1: where = a.out`main + 15 at main.cpp:4:7, address = 0x000000000040050f
  (lldb) r
  Process 3078226 launched: '/home/wallace/llvm-sand/build/Release/Linux-x86_64/llvm/lldb-test-build.noindex/tools/intel-features/intel-pt/simple-test/TestIntelPTSimpleBinary.test_basic_flow/a.out' (x86_64)
  Process 3078226 stopped
  * thread #1, name = 'a.out', stop reason = breakpoint 1.1
      frame #0: 0x000000000040050f a.out`main at main.cpp:4:7
  (lldb) processor-trace start
  (lldb) b 5
  Breakpoint 2: where = a.out`main + 22 at main.cpp:5:12, address = 0x0000000000400516
  (lldb) c
  Process 3078226 resuming
  Process 3078226 stopped
  * thread #1, name = 'a.out', stop reason = breakpoint 2.1
      frame #0: 0x0000000000400516 a.out`main at main.cpp:5:12
  (lldb) processor-trace show-instr-log 
  thread #1: tid=3078226
      0x40050f <+15>: movl   $0x0, -0x8(%rbp)
  >>> Before, some runs of the script up to this point lead to empty traces
  (lldb) b 6
  Breakpoint 3: where = a.out`main + 42 at main.cpp:6:14, address = 0x000000000040052a
  (lldb) c
  Process 3092991 resuming
  Process 3092991 stopped
  * thread #1, name = 'a.out', stop reason = breakpoint 3.1
      frame #0: 0x000000000040052a a.out`main at main.cpp:6:14
  (lldb) processor-trace show-instr-log                                                                                                                                                                                   thread #1: tid=3092991
      0x40050f <+15>: movl   $0x0, -0x8(%rbp)
      0x400516 <+22>: movl   $0x0, -0xc(%rbp)
      0x40051d <+29>: cmpl   $0x2710, -0xc(%rbp)       ; imm = 0x2710 
      0x400524 <+36>: jge    0x400546                  ; <+70> at main.cpp
      0x400524 <+36>: jge    0x400546                  ; <+70> at main.cpp
  >>> The trace was re-enabled correctly and includes the instruction of the
  first reading.

  rG LLVM Github Monorepo



Index: lldb/source/Plugins/Process/Linux/ProcessorTrace.cpp
--- lldb/source/Plugins/Process/Linux/ProcessorTrace.cpp
+++ lldb/source/Plugins/Process/Linux/ProcessorTrace.cpp
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
 #include "ProcessorTrace.h"
 #include "lldb/Host/linux/Support.h"
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
 #include <sys/syscall.h>
 using namespace lldb;
@@ -143,6 +144,7 @@
   m_mmap_aux = std::unique_ptr<uint8_t, munmap_delete>(
       reinterpret_cast<uint8_t *>(mmap_aux), munmap_delete(bufsize));
   return error;
@@ -273,6 +275,23 @@
   llvm_unreachable("perf event not supported");
+  // Disable the perf event to force a flush out of the CPU's internal buffer.
+  // Besides, we can guarantee that the CPU won't override any data as we are
+  // reading the buffer.
+  //
+  // The Intel documentation says:
+  //
+  // Packets are first buffered internally and then written out asynchronously.
+  // To collect packet output for postprocessing, a collector needs first to
+  // ensure that all packet data has been flushed from internal buffers.
+  // Software can ensure this by stopping packet generation by clearing
+  // IA32_RTIT_CTL.TraceEn (see “Disabling Packet Generation” in
+  // Section
+  //
+  // This is achieved by the PERF_EVENT_IOC_DISABLE ioctl request, as mentioned
+  // in the man page of perf_event_open.
+  ioctl(*m_fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_DISABLE);
   Log *log(ProcessPOSIXLog::GetLogIfAllCategoriesSet(POSIX_LOG_PTRACE));
   Status error;
   uint64_t head = m_mmap_meta->aux_head;
@@ -293,6 +312,9 @@
   ReadCyclicBuffer(buffer, GetAuxBuffer(), static_cast<size_t>(head), offset);
   LLDB_LOG(log, "ReadCyclic BUffer Done");
+  // Reenable tracing now we have read the buffer
+  ioctl(*m_fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE);
   return error;

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