[Lldb-commits] [PATCH] D77771: [lldb/Docs] Document driver and inline replay.

Jonas Devlieghere via Phabricator via lldb-commits lldb-commits at lists.llvm.org
Thu Apr 9 10:10:40 PDT 2020

JDevlieghere updated this revision to Diff 256330.
JDevlieghere added a comment.

Thanks for the feedback!




Index: lldb/docs/resources/reproducers.rst
--- lldb/docs/resources/reproducers.rst
+++ lldb/docs/resources/reproducers.rst
@@ -91,7 +91,72 @@
-Coming soon.
+Reproducers support two replay modes. The main and most common mode is active
+replay. It's called active, because it's LLDB that is driving replay by calling
+the captured SB API functions one after each other. The second mode is passive
+replay. In this mode, LLDB sits idle until an SB API function is called, for
+example from Python, and then replays just this individual call.
+Active Replay
+No matter how a reproducer was captured, they can always be replayed with the
+command line driver. When a reproducer is passed with the `--replay` flag, the
+driver short-circuits and passes off control to the reproducer infrastructure,
+effectively bypassing its normal operation. This works because the driver is
+implemented using the SB API and is therefore nothing more than a sequence of
+SB API calls.
+Replay is driven by the ``Registry::Replay``. As long as there's data in the
+buffer holding the API data, the next SB API function call is deserialized.
+Once the function is known, the registry can retrieve its signature, and use
+that to deserialize its arguments. The function can then be invoked, most
+commonly through the synthesized default replayer, or potentially using a
+custom defined replay function. This process continues, until more data is
+available or a replay error is encountered.
+During replay only a function's side effects matter. The result returned by the
+replayed function is ignored because it cannot be observed beyond the driver.
+This is sound, because anything that is passed into a subsequent API call will
+have been serialized as an input argument. This also works for SB API objects
+because the reproducers know about every object that has crossed the API
+boundary, which is true by definition for object return values.
+Passive Replay
+Passive replay exists to support running the API test suite against a
+reproducer. The API test suite is written in Python and tests the debugger by
+calling into its API from Python. To make this work, the API must transparently
+replay itself when called. This is what makes passive replay different from
+driver replay, where it is lldb itself that's driving replay. For passive
+replay, the driving factor is external.
+In order to replay API calls, the reproducers need a way to intercept them.
+Every API call is already instrumented with an ``LLDB_RECORD_*`` macro that
+captures its input arguments. Furthermore, it also contains the necessary logic
+to detect which calls cross the API boundary and should be intercepted. We were
+able to reuse all of this to implement passive replay.
+During passive replay is enabled, nothing happens until an SB API is called.
+Inside that API function, the macro detects whether this call should be
+replayed (i.e. crossed the API boundary). If the answer is yes, the next
+function is deserialized from the SB API data and compared to the current
+function. If the signature matches, we deserialize its input arguments and
+reinvoke the current function with the deserialized arguments. We don't need to
+do anything special to prevent us from recursively calling the replayed version
+again, as the API boundary crossing logic knows that we're still behind the API
+boundary when we re-invoked the current function.
+Another big difference with driver replay is the return value. While this
+didn't matter for driver replay, it's key for passive replay, because that's
+what gets checked by the test suite. Luckily, the ``LLDB_RECORD_*`` macros
+contained sufficient type information to derive the result type.

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