[cfe-users] Part/complete compilation with clang++

David Blaikie dblaikie at gmail.com
Sat Jul 20 09:25:02 PDT 2013

On Sat, Jul 20, 2013 at 6:46 AM, Sian Mountbatten
<poenikatu at fastmail.co.uk> wrote:
> Dear List
> I have a small program which contains the code shown on page 1058 of
> Stroustrup's TC++PL (4th ed.) just above the 37.2.1 section. I omitted
> the line which initialises (and declares) pat1.

Not everyone has a copy of TC++PL on hand, perhaps you could provide
the code you are compiling?

> If I compile the file main.cpp to regex using this command:
>    clang++ -g -std=c++11 -stdlib=libc++ -o regex main.cpp
> I get no warnings, no errors, in fact no console output from clang++.
> When the program is run, it produces "\w+\d*" on the console.

If you avoid initializing a variable you may get undefined behavior,
which isn't going to be reliable.

> Now, if I compile with this command:
>   clang++ -g -std=c++11 -o main.o -c main.cpp
> and then link with this command:
>   clang++ -g -stdlib=libc++ -o regex main.o
> again, I get no output from clang++. Unfortunately, when the output
> program is run, it fails with "Segmentation violation".

Again, I'm assuming you've invoked UB & the two different standard
libraries are just failing in different ways. Once we see the code,
that might change.

> Does this mean that when I start writing programs which are made up
> of many source files, I shall be unable to compile the individual files?

I don't understand this question, well maybe - no, there shouldn't
really be any difference between compiling and then linking and
compiling+linking in one go. But UB is UB (though I'd still be
surprised if that actually behaves differently)

> I am trying to use Code::Blocks as the IDE for clang++. The commands it
> issues are peculiar and, especially, the linker is, I reckon, just plain
> wrong. The point is that the Code::Blocks binary also fails with a
> Segmentation violation.
> So what's going wrong? Can clang++ act, not only as a compiler, but also a
> linker?

Both GCC and Clang (& many other compilers) can act as wrappers around
assemblers and linkers. They just invoke the assembler (well,
Clang/LLVM has an integrated assembler too, so it doesn't invoke
another process to assemble) or linker with the relevant arguments
(such as figuring out the right libraries to link for the standard
library, etc)

>And is it possible to use a debugger from the LLVM stable rather
> than
> GNU gdb?

There is a debugger under the LLVM project, called LLDB - it's not
very mature & even less so on Linux. Clang's debug info should operate
perfectly well with GDB, if it doesn't, please file bugs.

> Looking forward to progessing on these points.
> --
> Sian Mountbatten <www.poenikatu.co.uk>
> Learning C++!!!
> I'm an FSF member (no. 10888)
> Help us support software freedom! http://www.fsf.org/jf?referrer=10888
> _______________________________________________
> cfe-users mailing list
> cfe-users at cs.uiuc.edu
> http://lists.cs.uiuc.edu/mailman/listinfo/cfe-users

More information about the cfe-users mailing list