[cfe-dev] Converting float to int with FJCVTZS

Craig Topper via cfe-dev cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org
Wed Mar 10 09:36:36 PST 2021

Oh I think I understand now. For unsigned int to float, x86-64 uses a
64-bit cvttss2si instruction and drops the upper 32 bits because there's no
32-bit unsigned conversion instruction without avx512.

So are you asking for AArch64 to also do a 64-bit conversion and truncate
the result? Replacing a 32-bit fcvtzu with a 32-bit fjcvtzs wouldn't work
would it?


On Wed, Mar 10, 2021 at 9:26 AM Craig Topper <craig.topper at gmail.com> wrote:

> Hi Johannes,
> I don't think cvttss2si wraps around. Instead it returns 0x80000000 for
> large values. "If a converted result is larger than the maximum signed
> doubleword integer, the floating-point invalid exception is raised. If this
> exception is masked, the indefinite integer value (80000000H or
> 80000000_00000000H if operand size is 64 bits) is returned."
> Also isn't fcvtzu an unsigned conversion while cvttss2si and FJCVTZS are
> signed conversions? Am I missing something?
> ~Craig
> On Wed, Mar 10, 2021 at 9:03 AM Johannes Hoff via cfe-dev <
> cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org> wrote:
>> Hi!
>> I'm working on a code base where a simulation needs to produce the exact
>> same result on Aarch64 and x86_64 architectures.
>> This is indeed the case for the whole codebase, with one exception:
>> Rounding floats to integers. Specifically, when we're in undefined behavior
>> territory. In that case, you notice the difference between the emitted
>> fcvtzu instruction on aarch64 (saturating cast) and cvttss2si on x86
>> (wrap-around).
>> Now, I know undefined behavior is not the main business of LLVM, but I
>> wonder if it would be possible to ask it to emit FJCVTZS instead, which
>> behaves like x86 outside of the integer range. Of course, this would be an
>> opt-in flag.
>> What do you think? If it's not something that would be valuable for
>> clang, do you have any pointers on how to patch it myself?
>> Of course, I can just use the compiler intrinsic __builtin_arm_jcvt to
>> trigger this behavior, but then I need to be sure to catch all the places,
>> and be sure that everyone on the team remembers to do the same in the
>> future.
>> Thanks,
>> Johannes
>> _______________________________________________
>> cfe-dev mailing list
>> cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org
>> https://lists.llvm.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/cfe-dev
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