[llvm-dev] enable_shared_from_this fails at runtime when inherited privately

Christian Schneider via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Thu Aug 29 02:14:40 PDT 2019

I just discovered, that, when using enable_shared_from_this and 
inheriting it privately, this fails at runtime.
I made a small example:

#include <memory>
#include <boost/shared_ptr.hpp>
#include <boost/make_shared.hpp>
#include <boost/enable_shared_from_this.hpp>

#ifndef prefix
#define prefix std

class foo:
     prefix::shared_ptr<foo> get_sptr()
         return shared_from_this();

int main()
     auto a = prefix::make_shared<foo>();
     auto b = a->get_sptr();
     return 0;

This compiles fine, but throws a weak_ptr exception at runtime.
I'm aware, that the implementation requires, that 
enable_shared_from_this needs to be publicly inherited, but as a first 
time user, I had to find this out the hard way, as documentations (I 
use, ie. cppreference.com) don't mention it, probably because it's not a 
requirement of the standard.

On the other hand, if you compile the code with additional 
-Dprefix=boost (and needed boost stuff installed, of course), it gives a 
compiler error (
gcc: 'boost::enable_shared_from_this<foo>' is an inaccessible base of 'foo';
clang: error: cannot cast 'boost::shared_ptr<foo>::element_type' (aka 
'foo') to its private base class 'boost::enable_shared_from_this<foo>')

I'm think, it would be helpful, if the std implemantions also would fail 
at compile time already, and wanted to ask if this would be 

BR, Christian

gcc-Version 9.2.0 (Gentoo 9.2.0 p1)
clang version 8.0.1 (tags/RELEASE_801/final) (used with both 
libstdc++.so.6 and libc++.so.1 (v8.0.1))

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