[llvm-dev] llvm is getting slower, January edition

Mikhail Zolotukhin via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Wed Jan 18 15:48:39 PST 2017

> On Jan 18, 2017, at 2:55 PM, Davide Italiano <davide at freebsd.org> wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 17, 2017 at 6:02 PM, Mikhail Zolotukhin
> <mzolotukhin at apple.com> wrote:
>> Hi,
>> Continuing recent efforts in understanding compile time slowdowns, I looked at some historical data: I picked one test and tried to pin-point commits that affected its compile-time. The data I have is not 100% accurate, but hopefully it helps to provide an overview of what's going on with compile time in LLVM and give a better understanding of what changes usually impact compile time.
>> Configuration:
>> The test I used is tramp3d-v4 from LLVM testsuite. It consists of a single source file, but still takes a noticeable time to compile, which makes it very convenient for this kind of experiments. The file was compiled with Os for arm64 on x86 host.
>> Results:
>> The attached PDF has a compile time graph, on which I marked points where compile time changed with a list of corresponding commits. A textual version of the list is available below, but I think it might be much harder to comprehend the data without the graph. A number in the end shows compile time change after the given commit:
>> 1. r239821: [InstSimplify] Allow folding of fdiv X, X with just NaNs ignored. +1%
>> 2. r241886: [InstCombine] Employ AliasAnalysis in FindAvailableLoadedValue. +1%
>> 3. r245118: [SCEV] Apply NSW and NUW flags via poison value analysis for sub, mul and shl. +2%
>> 4. r246694: [RemoveDuplicatePHINodes] Start over after removing a PHI. -1%
>> 5. r247269: [ADT] Rewrite the StringRef::find implementation to be simpler... +1%
>>   r247240: [LPM] Use a map from analysis ID to immutable passes in the legacy pass manager... +3%
>>   r247264: Enable GlobalsAA by default. +1%
>> 6. r247674: [GlobalsAA] Disable globals-aa by default. -1%
>> 7. r248638: [SCEV] Reapply 'Teach isLoopBackedgeGuardedByCond to exploit trip counts'. +2%
>> 8. r249802: [SCEV] Call `StrengthenNoWrapFlags` after `GroupByComplexity`; NFCI. +4%
>> 9. r250157: [GlobalsAA] Turn GlobalsAA on again by default. +1%
>> 10. r251049: [SCEV] Mark AddExprs as nsw or nuw if legal. +23%
>> 11. No data
>> 12. r259252: AttributeSetImpl: Summarize existing function attributes in a bitset. -1%
>>    r259256: Add LoopSimplifyCFG pass. -2%
>> 13. r262250: Enable LoopLoadElimination by default. +3%
>> 14. r262839: Revert "Enable LoopLoadElimination by default". -3%
>> 15. r263393: Remove PreserveNames template parameter from IRBuilder. -3%
>> 16. r263595: Turn LoopLoadElimination on again. +3%
>> 17. r267672: [LoopDist] Add llvm.loop.distribute.enable loop metadata. +4%
>> 18. r268509: Do not disable completely loop unroll when optimizing for size. -34%
>> 19. r269124: Loop unroller: set thresholds for optsize and minsize functions to zero. +50%
>> 20. r269392: [LoopDist] Only run LAA for loops with the pragma. -4%
>> 21. r270630: Re-enable "[LoopUnroll] Enable advanced unrolling analysis by default" one more time. -28%
>> 22. r270881: Don't allocate in APInt::slt.  NFC. -2%
>>    r270959: Don't allocate unnecessarily in APInt::operator[+-].  NFC. -1%
>>    r271020: Don't generate unnecessary signed ConstantRange during multiply.  NFC. -3%
>> 23. r271615: [LoopUnroll] Set correct thresholds for new recently enabled unrolling heuristic. +22%
>> 24. r276942: Don't invoke getName() from Function::isIntrinsic(). -1%
>>    r277087: Revert "Don't invoke getName() from Function::isIntrinsic().", rL276942. +1%
>> 25. r279585: [LoopUnroll] By default disable unrolling when optimizing for size.
>> 26. r286814: [InlineCost] Remove skew when calculating call costs. +3%
>> 27. r289755: Make processing @llvm.assume more efficient by using operand bundles. +6%
>> 28. r290086: Revert @llvm.assume with operator bundles (r289755-r289757). -6%
>> Disclaimer:
>> The data is specific for this particular test, so I could have skipped some commits affecting compile time on other workloads/configurations.
>> The data I have is not perfect, so I could have skipped some commits, even if they impacted compile-time on this test case.
>> Same commits might have a different impact on a different test/configuration, up to the opposite to the one listed.
>> I didn't mean to label any commits as 'good' or 'bad' by posting these numbers. It's expected that some commits increase compile time, we just need to be aware of it and avoid unnecessary slowdowns.
>> Conclusions:
>> Changes in optimization thresholds/cost-models usually have the biggest impact on compile time. However, usually they are well-assessed and trade-offs are discussed and agreed on.
>> Introducing a pass doesn't necessarily mean a compile time slowdown. Sometimes the total compile time might decrease because we're saving some work for later passes.
>> There are many commits, which individually have a low compile time impact, but together sum up to a noticeable slowdown.
>> Conscious efforts on reducing compile time definitely help - thanks everyone who's been working on this!
>> Thanks for reading, any comments or suggestions on how to make LLVM faster are welcome! I hope we'll see this graph going down this year :-)
>> Michael
> This is great, thanks for the January update :)
> Do you mind to share how you collected the numbers (script etc.. and
> how you plotted the graph so I can try repeating at home with my
> testcases?)
It involved a lot of manual work, so I'm not sure there is anything to share.
For the graph I just used LNT and some madskills to mark the points of interest. Then I checked out LLVM from the date I wanted to check (near jumps in the graph), built it, and ran the test 20 times to verify the change and find responsible for the change commit. As I said, a lot of manual work, but we're working on some infrastructure to automate some of this though.


PS: If you haven't used LNT before, then definitely try using it - at least it'll take care of plotting graphs. If you need any guidance on this part, I can try to help.

> Thanks,
> -- 
> Davide
> "There are no solved problems; there are only problems that are more
> or less solved" -- Henri Poincare

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