[llvm-dev] [RFC] Design of a TBAA sanitizer
Sanjoy Das via llvm-dev
llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Tue Apr 11 15:31:19 PDT 2017
On April 11, 2017 at 3:28:04 PM, Kostya Serebryany (kcc at google.com) wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 11, 2017 at 3:14 PM, Sanjoy Das
> > Hi Kostya,
> > On April 11, 2017 at 2:39:44 PM, Kostya Serebryany (kcc at google.com) wrote:
> > > > ptr0 = malloc();
> > > > free(ptr0);
> > > > ptr1 = malloc();
> > > >
> > > > ptr0 and ptr1 will be NoAlias despite overlapping (there is actually a
> > > > real soundness issue here in LLVM's semantics, but I don't want to
> > > > digress). You can also recreate the pattern with realloc.
> > > >
> > >
> > > In both of your examples there is no place in the program where both P0
> > and
> > > P1 are live simultaneously,
> > > i.e. no analysis path is expected to query MayAlias(AccessToP0,
> > > AccessToP1). No?
> > I may be misunderstanding what you meant, but I don't see why not.
> > Say you had (all values are SSA values):
> > %p0 = malloc()
> > store i32 0, i32* %p0 // S0
> > free(%p0)
> > %p1 = malloc()
> > store i32 1, i32* %p1 // S1
> > and some pass wanted to sink S0 to after S1. So it starts checking
> > "from the bottom", as
> > Alias(S0, S1) = NoAlias
> > Alias(S0, malloc()) = NoAlias
> > Alias(S0, free(%p0)) = MayAlias
> > etc. The last MayAlias will prevent it from doing the sink, but I
> > don't see why it can't ask the Alias(S0, S1) question.
> Yea, that's a bit trickier.
> But we can at least add checks for pairs of pointer accesses that the
> analysis claims to be ok to reorder.
But that the problem right -- AA told you that S0 and S1 *are* okay to
reorder. In fact, if your original program would have been:
p0 = malloc()
p1 = malloc()
*p0 = 20 // S0
*p1 = 20 // S1
then S0 and S1 would have been okay to reorder (since the original
program has UB). But you cannot assert !overlap(p0, p1) in the well
defined program I mentioned earlier.
> > > > The same problem exists with constant addresses. LLVM states that
> > > > constant locations are noalias with themselves, and you again have the
> > > > "noalias does not imply pointer inequality" problem.
> > >
> > > That won't even have to be special cased, because if we emit a check
> > > ConstPtr != ConstPtr,
> > > such a check will be trivially optimized away.
> > But won't it be constant folded to trigger the sanitizer crash /
> > warning? That is, since LLVM will state the ConstPtr NoAlias
> > ConstPtr, you'll emit the check:
> > if (overlap(ConstPtr, Sz, ConstPtr, Sz))
> > abort();
> > which will get constant folded to
> > if (true) abort();
> ah, yes, you are right, then this will have to be special-cased.
> > If you meant that the implementation of overlap will differ based on
> > whether the pointers are constant pointers or not, I'm not sure if
> > that will work, since the fact that the values whose aliasness (I
> > think I invented a new word :P ) you're checking could have been
> > arbitrarily obscured (AA could have looked through PHIs and selects
> > etc.) which will prevent you from rediscovering that the values were
> > constant pointers in some cases.
> > -- Sanjoy
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