[llvm-dev] [RFC] NewGVN
David Chisnall via llvm-dev
llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Thu Nov 17 00:31:26 PST 2016
On 16 Nov 2016, at 21:56, Daniel Berlin <dberlin at dberlin.org> wrote:
> You keep talking about platforms, but llvm ir itself is not platform dependent.
> Can you give a reference in the language reference that says that this is not legal?
Nothing in the LangRef (apart from the note about non-integral pointers, which was added recently) makes any claim about the representation of pointers. Pointers in LLVM IR have always been opaque and must explicitly be bitcast or inttoptr / ptrtoint cast to be used as if they were integers.
We have had discussions on the list previously about tightening up the semantics of inttoptr and ptrtoint.
> IE what loads do *on your platform* is completely irrelevant to whether the IR code is legal or not, only what it codegens to.
> LLVM's type semantics (and pointers may not have types, but the load operations produce values that do) are also not defined in terms of platform, but in terms of what datalayout says, etc.
GVN is materialising loads that go beyond the bounds of an object. This is undefined behaviour in C and there is nothing in the LangRef that indicates that this should be valid. It is only potentially valid because, on platforms with a page-based MMU as the sole form of memory protection, if you only round up to a power of two then you will still be in the same page (and, likely, cache line) so you will get some unspecified data and can ignore it.
> What you want seems to be non-integral pointer types.
> Which are experimental:
> "LLVM IR optionally allows the frontend to denote pointers in certain address spaces as “non-integral” via the datalayout string. Non-integral pointer types represent pointers that have an unspecified bitwise representation; that is, the integral representation may be target dependent or unstable (not backed by a fixed integer).
> inttoptr instructions converting integers to non-integral pointer types are ill-typed, and so are ptrtoint instructions converting values of non-integral pointer types to integers. Vector versions of said instructions are ill-typed as well."
> One of the reasons it's experimental is because nobody has made it work in all cases.
> I think whoever wants this to work is going to have to drive fixing it and making it work sanely.
Actually, that isn’t what I want, because we do define inttoptr and ptrtoint for our architecture. You can’t implement C without them (or some equivalent) working and we have a fully working C / Objective-C compiler (C++ in progress) using LLVM. ptrtoint is always valid for us, inttoptr may give null depending on the ABI and environment.
I gave a talk in the LLVM track at FOSDEM a couple of years ago about the things that are needed to make LLVM work correctly for targets where integers are not pointers. We have done most of this work, but it is not helped by people propagating the ‘integers are pointers’ assumption (which the LangRef has always been *very* careful not to state) in passes.
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