[llvm-dev] [PM] I think that the new PM needs to learn about inter-analysis dependencies...

Sean Silva via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Fri Jul 29 01:36:09 PDT 2016

I have the unified analysis manager implemented now and passing all tests
at: https://github.com/chisophugis/llvm/commits/analysis-manager

One caveat:
It would be a layering violation for the analysis manager to know about
Loop and SCC since those live in libAnalysis. So currently I have some
stuff commented out for imitating the proxy downward invalidation for them.
(and generally the proxy downward invalidation imitation stuff is somewhat
ugly; it is in invalidatImpl:
It more or less imitates what the proxy was doing, albeit that it does it
by iterating the map and invalidating any lower IRUnit's instead of just
clearing the other analysis manager.
I'm happy to add an indirect interface to make it work with all the
Down the road, if we have pass manager cooperation (such as the push/pop
thing I mentioned for tracking outer/inner IRUnit relationships) we can
make this much smarter and support IRUnit's more generically without a
hardcoded list.

I'll start working on the inter-analysis dependency stuff tomorrow.

-- Sean Silva

On Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 3:58 AM, Sean Silva <chisophugis at gmail.com> wrote:

> Okay, did the big renaming and de-templating today (and removing the
> proxies).
> check-llvm worked fine, except that this test caught a bug (yay!):
> unittests/IR/PassManagerTest.cpp:326
> After removing the proxies, the module pass is not invalidating the
> function passes (since the invalidation is on the module IRUnit). we now
> don't have a method for delegating the invalidation from outer IRUnit's to
> inner IRUnit's.
> I'll try to add a mechanism for the analysis manager to do this itself if
> there's a straightforward way to do so. Not sure the best way. We can't
> just iterate over all the functions calling `invalidate`; a module pass may
> have e.g. deleted a function, so we would never call `invalidate` on the
> deleted function. A simple solution is to add another member to the
> analysis manager which tracks, for each IRUnitT, all IRUnit's that we have
> state cached for (so we can easily walk them).
> Interestingly, it seems like the current state in trunk is that a module
> analysis can't preserve a specific function analysis. The only way that
> analysis invalidation can propagate downwards is by clearing the entire
> inner analysis manager.
> So I think this means that the current state in trunk is that if a
> function transformation returns PreservedAnalyses::none(), it will
> invalidate all loop analyses for all functions.
> (I think Chandler mentioned this issue in passing here:
> https://reviews.llvm.org/D21921#inline-187608)
> (slightly more info in my log)
> Anyway, for now, I'll try to do something that is as NFC as possible.
> Hopefully just tracking all the IRUnit's per IRUnitT will allow us to
> emulate the proxy-based invalidation fairly well.
> It is probably relevant to discuss how we want to "properly" deal with
> this with the unified analysis manager for all IRUnitT's.
> One solution is to have the pass managers (actually, the adaptors),
> push/pop a stack of the current IRUnit nest (e.g. the stack might contain
> at a given point in time something like `[Module foo, Function @bar]` or
> `[Module foo, SCC bar, Function @baz, Loop %qux]`).
> The key information that is needed is for the analysis manager to be able
> to reconstruct a parent-child relationship of IRUnit's (which might contain
> parent-child links that are no longer obtainable from the parent IRUnit;
> e.g. when you go to invalidate analyses after running a module pass that
> deleted a function; the analysis manager must still track that relationship
> even if the module has already forgotten about the function).
> I don't see any reasonable way to do this without cooperation from the
> adaptors, because (like the example "IRUnit stacks" I showed above) the
> analysis manager would need a way to know whether to map back to a
> particular SCC or to a particular Module (or potentially both).
> -- Sean Silva
> On Tue, Jul 26, 2016 at 1:32 AM, Sean Silva <chisophugis at gmail.com> wrote:
>> I'm not quite sure what post to respond to for a status update, but I
>> guess this one will do (and you can check my log for more info of course).
>> My current working branch for the analysis manager stuff is at
>> https://github.com/chisophugis/llvm/commits/analysis-manager
>> (4ecf6115890bd01caa52c0b99424974e3469291e)
>> I described in my log a bit more my thought process and how to do this
>> without having to churn every single new PM pass (search for "Okay, so now
>> that I think about it, adding the dependency management is a second step
>> after making the analysis manager work for all IRUnit’s."). Essentially,
>> the first step is to still have AnalysisManager<Function>,
>> AnalysisManager<Module>, etc. but the template argument is just a dummy.
>> The real templating is on the methods, which can accept any IRUnit. The
>> advantage of this is that it is source compatible with all the existing
>> code using multiple manager, proxies, etc.
>> The code on my branch at least passes check-llvm. But of course the
>> existing code doesn't test any of the situations where being able to handle
>> multiple IRUnitT's in a single analysis manager would matter.
>> Tomorrow, I get to churn all the passes that have been ported so far,
>> removing the proxies etc.
>> Another thing that just came to me: the current way things work with
>> adaptors means that if a function transformation invalidates a module
>> analysis, the module analysis won't be invalidated until after the
>> ModuleToFunctionPassAdapter returns.
>> So we can end up running an arbitrary number of function transformations
>> that query that stale module analysis. This is (I think?) mostly benign
>> given our current set of module analyses (more info in the log; search for
>> "We may be getting by simply because we seem to not have many module
>> analyses"). But if we invalidate more "correctly" (after every
>> transformation on any contained IRUnit), there's a potential quadratic
>> compile time issue lurking here once have the unified analysis manager: we
>> could easily end up invalidating/recomputing a module analysis once per
>> function visitation.
>> For a pipeline that just does a lot of churn (e.g. function
>> simplification passes we run as part of the regular O3 pipeline; that can
>> delete most code in a function, change the cfg, etc.) it's not clear what
>> useful properties we can guarantee will be preserved which would prevent us
>> from invalidating pretty much all non-immutable outer analyses (module or
>> (theoretically)CGSCC). So for any really nontrivial module analysis, we may
>> end up having to change the interface of module passes to have some way to
>> incrementally recompute themselves as function passes mutate the IR?
>> In some sense, Chandler's CGSCC patch https://reviews.llvm.org/D21464 is
>> trying to do this for a specific module analysis (lazy call graph) and even
>> for just that one (and lots of special handling in the adaptors etc.) it
>> still only gets incrementally updated it after a potentially large set of
>> function passes have run. And it's already quite tricky.
>> Broadly speaking, I can think of two major kinds of "solutions" to this
>> problem:
>> - severely restrict the interaction of function transformations and
>> module analyses in some way. Essentially, we could define a restricted
>> class of module analyses that "are conservatively correct in the face of
>> any transformation that can be made by a function transformation" (this
>> includes immutable module analyses and IIRC things like GlobalsModRef). But
>> the issue is a bit deeper, because it is really about transformations at
>> any smaller IRUnitT. This includes CGSCC. And CGSCC can do substantial
>> interprocedural transformation (e.g. delete a wholefunction IIRC?); we
>> would then need to have another class of module analyses that are
>> "conservatively correct in the face of CGSCC transformations" which seems
>> quite restrictive.
>> -- alternatively or in addition, this can involve restricting what kind
>> of information a function pass can get out of a module analysis
>> - provide some sort of update callback for the outer IRUnit analysis to
>> update itself if the inner one is modified (not sure how practical this
>> will be). E.g. `AM.invalidate<FooModuleAnalysis>(F);` doesn't actually
>> invalidate FooModuleAnalysis, but rather invokes a callback for it to
>> update itself (possibly as an opt-in for the module analysis).
>> -- The current analysis manager does have a `invalidate` hook that it
>> will call, but the argument is always inherently the IRUnit that the
>> analysis itself is cached on so it isn't useful for partial recomputation.
>> We would need to extend that, which requires making the
>> AnalysisResultConcept more complicated (and potentially having to have
>> centralized awareness of all the different IRUnitT's, which until now are
>> fairly decoupled in the new PM).
>> I'm curious what others' thoughts are on this issue.
>> -- Sean Silva
>> On Sun, Jul 24, 2016 at 2:58 AM, Sean Silva <chisophugis at gmail.com>
>> wrote:
>>> I've started looking specifically at the existing code and how it needs
>>> to be changed. It seems like the concept-based polymorphism stuff in
>>> PassManagerInternal.h actually don't need to be changed that much.
>>> AnalysisPassConcept and AnalysisResultConcept need to be changed to take a
>>> type-erased IRUnit (e.g. a void* or something). AnalysisPassModel and
>>> AnalysisResultModel (which inherit from their respective abstract base
>>> classes I mentioned above) are already templated on the IRUnitT and so they
>>> can just cast the void* back to the right type.
>>> Adding the dependency tracking seems like it will be mostly a data
>>> structure change with some isolated "algorithmic" changes to
>>> track/invalidate dependencies.
>>> Most of the methods that need to know the specific IRUnitT type already
>>> take the IRUnit as an argument (e.g. getResult, getCachedResult,
>>> invalidate) and so it's actually somewhat natural for the analysis manager
>>> not be templated on IRUnitT (but rather to have just those methods be
>>> templated).
>>> Also, up until now I hadn't noticed this weird "registerPass" thing on
>>> the analysis manager (AnalysisManagerBase to be specific). Effectively, it
>>> allows analyses to hold state (this is separate from analysis *results*
>>> which of course can hold state). But the state is effectively global to the
>>> AnalysisManager (and hence the pass pipeline, and hence (essentially) the
>>> context (since you can currently only run a single pass pipeline
>>> concurrently on a single LLVMContext)). The net result is that you can
>>> specify a context-global "configuration" for each analysis type (not to be
>>> confused with the analysis *result* type!). Right now, AAManager is the
>>> only thing that uses it though (the "configuration" is the AA pipeline).
>>> btw, I've started to keep a log for this like I do for my projects at
>>> home:
>>> https://docs.google.com/document/d/1-nrq2y_hTiZhrsJDmH8TzFjFEeApfccs6wwGyaXjSkg/edit?usp=sharing
>>> It's fairly stream-of-consciousness. My log style is mostly append-only
>>> (I rarely edit stuff from a previous day or from too long ago on the same
>>> day; if I do I usually don't overwrite and instead insert something like
>>> "(edit: I was actually totally wrong about this, see below)"). So if you
>>> want to follow this across multiple days just go to the end and scroll up
>>> until you see something that you've already looked at. (right now there is
>>> just one day though so there is not very much).
>>> (some interesting things to search for are "interesting", "okay", "oh",
>>> and "?"; I tend to use these a lot)
>>> I've gone back to google docs for this log since it is easier to share
>>> on the mailing list. Unfortunately google docs does not have an explicit
>>> notion of "cell" like Mathematica does, so I've tried to just insert lots
>>> of line breaks for things where there would have just been a cell boundary
>>> in Mathematica. (I use Mathematica for my logs at home).
>>> -- Sean Silva
>>> On Fri, Jul 22, 2016 at 1:55 AM, Sean Silva <chisophugis at gmail.com>
>>> wrote:
>>>> The more closely I look at this, the more it seems like there may be a
>>>> useful incremental step in the transition to the new PM: use the new PM
>>>> analysis machinery in the old PM. If this is possible, it will simplify the
>>>> old PM and (hopefully) allow an incremental transition to the new PM
>>>> instead of a flag day transition for the switch.
>>>> I.e., AFAICT, the new PM transition is essentially about 2 mostly
>>>> orthogonal aspects of running optimization pipelines:
>>>> 1. Analysis computation and analysis result lifetime management
>>>> (including avoiding analysis recomputation)
>>>> 2. Running transformation passes over their respective IRUnit's in some
>>>> order
>>>> These are conflated in the old PM. In reality, the only interaction
>>>> between them (with the new PM machinery for 1.) is a small number of places
>>>> within 2. which need to call 'invalidate'.
>>>> I'm pretty sure that 2. is fairly similar in the new PM and old PM (the
>>>> main difference is that the notion of "adapters" is split out in the new
>>>> PM). The analysis handling seems to be what makes the old PM so difficult
>>>> to understand (e.g. it is the cause of the multiple inheritance in the
>>>> implementation). Trying to unify analyses and transformations (and some
>>>> questionable (in hindsight) implementation decisions) seems to be the main
>>>> "problem" with the design of the old PM AFAICT (there are other issues, but
>>>> they are more "nice to have").
>>>> IMO it is an anti-pattern to think of analyses as "passes". There are
>>>> just "analyses" and "transformations" and they are two separate things. In
>>>> fact, the `run` method on analyses should probably be called
>>>> `computeResult` or something like that to avoid confusion. And the `run`
>>>> method on transformations could just as easily be called
>>>> `performTransformation`.
>>>> I remember asking and getting and answer from Chandler (
>>>> http://lists.llvm.org/pipermail/llvm-commits/Week-of-Mon-20150907/299083.html)
>>>> about how to coexist the old and new PM compatibly so individual passes
>>>> would be able to work for both and we wouldn't need to have a flag day. I
>>>> wasn't able to find the discussions that Chandler cited, but I suspect that
>>>> the answer is that we didn't have enough analyses ported at that point to
>>>> consider sharing the analysis management between the old and new PM.
>>>> If this works out it may be the evolutionary path we have all been
>>>> wanting for this pass manager transition. Fingers crossed. Hopefully I'm
>>>> not overlooking some major issue.
>>>> Anyway... back to working on the analysis manager dependency tracking.
>>>> -- Sean Silva
>>>> On Thu, Jul 21, 2016 at 1:59 AM, Sean Silva <chisophugis at gmail.com>
>>>> wrote:
>>>>> We did some basic sanity checking that memory usage didn't go out of
>>>>> control (it doesn't; at least with with a simple
>>>>> preserves-all/preserves-none invalidation scheme and the current LTO
>>>>> pipeline). Also, I did some basic sanity checking for compile time. The
>>>>> simple preserves-all/preserves-none invalidation scheme seems marginally
>>>>> slower, but no real conclusions (besides a simple sanity check) can be
>>>>> drawn without the real analysis preservation semantics in place.
>>>>> I'll start working on fixing the analysis managers. There seem to
>>>>> basically be two parts (although they may need to be done simultaneously to
>>>>> make sure all the pieces fit together):
>>>>> - unify all the analysis managers into a single analysis manager for
>>>>> all IRUnitT's (requires type-erasing the IRUnit)
>>>>> - introduce the dependency tracking machinery
>>>>> I think I gave a reasonable outline in the two posts above:
>>>>> - the one starting with "To clarify, it seems like the current new PM
>>>>> is essentially trying to solve the problem of maintaining/updating a
>>>>> mapping"
>>>>> - the one starting with "Yeah, the mechanics of maintaining this
>>>>> fully general mapping are straightforward in the abstract"
>>>>> I'm happy to do a centralized writeup if anybody wants. Just let me
>>>>> know.
>>>>> As far as changes to the code, the updates to the new PM passes
>>>>> should hopefully be mechanical (despite there being many of them). However,
>>>>> from what I can tell, fixing this problem will require touching most lines
>>>>> of the analysis manager machinery so the diff will probably be a bit scary,
>>>>> even though I think we can keep the same basic structure (i.e. a per-IRUnit
>>>>> std::list holding one analysis result (at a stable address) per element,
>>>>> combined with a DenseMap from (Analysis, IRUnit) to an element of the
>>>>> per-IRUnit storage list (see AnalysisResultListMapT and AnalysisResultMapT
>>>>> in include/llvm/IR/PassManager.h)).
>>>>> The main changes to the analysis manager will be:
>>>>> - type-erasing the IRUnit
>>>>> - the elements of the AnalysisResultListMapT will need to keep track
>>>>> of any dependents
>>>>> - the analysis manager will need to update those dependencies as it is
>>>>> re-entered by analyses getting results of other analyses
>>>>> - the analysis manager will need to walk the dependencies to do
>>>>> transitive invalidation
>>>>> I think the most robust approach is for analysis dependencies to be
>>>>> implicitly constructed by the analysis manager via tracking entry/exit from
>>>>> get{,Cached}Result.
>>>>> One alternative is for analyses to explicitly pass in their ID to
>>>>> getResult to indicate the dependency, but that seems error-prone (and also
>>>>> verbose). The issue is that we will need a getResult API that does not
>>>>> track dependencies for use by transformation passes (since there is no
>>>>> dependency to track in that case); so an innocuous copy-paste from a
>>>>> transform pass to an analysis can result in a failure to track dependencies
>>>>> and risk of use-after-free (we could fight this with the type system, but I
>>>>> think that would get a bit verbose (I'm willing to try it though if people
>>>>> would prefer))
>>>>> One restriction of the implicit tracking approach is that it requires
>>>>> all calls into the analysis manager to occur in the `run` method of the
>>>>> analysis (so that the dependencies are implicitly tracked via re-entrance
>>>>> to get{,Cached}Result); is this a reasonable restriction?
>>>>> One annoying problem is that I think that the dependency links will
>>>>> need to be bidirectional. To use the example analysis cache from my other
>>>>> post:
>>>>> (AssumptionAnalysis, function @bar) -> (AssumptionCache for @bar,
>>>>> [(SomeModuleAnalysis, module TheModule)])
>>>>> (AssumptionAnalysis, function @baz) -> (AssumptionCache for @baz,
>>>>> [(SomeModuleAnalysis, module TheModule)])
>>>>> (SomeModuleAnalysis, module TheModule) -> (SomeModuleAnalysisResult
>>>>> for TheModule, [(SomeFunctionAnalysis, function @baz)])
>>>>> (SomeFunctionAnalysis, function @baz) -> (SomeFunctionAnalysisResult
>>>>> for @baz, [])
>>>>> if we delete function @baz, then the dependent list  [(SomeFunctionAnalysis,
>>>>> function @baz)] for `(SomeModuleAnalysis, module TheModule)` will now
>>>>> have a stale pointer to function @baz. I think that in practice we can
>>>>> check to see if `(SomeFunctionAnalysis, function @baz)` is in our
>>>>> hash table and if it isn't then just ignore the dependency as "this
>>>>> dependent analysis result has already been freed". In the worst case
>>>>> (memory allocator reuses the memory for another function) we may spuriously
>>>>> free an analysis result for a different function. However it is still
>>>>> unsettling (and may actually be UB in C++?).
>>>>> Ideally we would track bidirectional links; that way when we remove an
>>>>> analysis result we also have it remove itself from dependence lists of all
>>>>> of its dependencies.
>>>>> -- Sean Silva
>>>>> On Fri, Jul 15, 2016 at 8:40 PM, Sean Silva <chisophugis at gmail.com>
>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>> On Fri, Jul 15, 2016 at 8:39 PM, Sean Silva <chisophugis at gmail.com>
>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>> It looks like there is really no sane fix within the current
>>>>>>> infrastructure. I've had to essentially trigger invalidation (except in the
>>>>>>> PreservedAnalyses::all() case) in the function pass manager and function to
>>>>>>> loop adapters.
>>>>>> invalidation of *everything* I mean.
>>>>>> -- Sean Silva
>>>>>>> So we basically need to get the analysis manager dependency tracking
>>>>>>> fixed.
>>>>>>> Davide and I will get measurements on the resident set impact of all
>>>>>>> this caching (even with the overconservative invalidation for now) to see
>>>>>>> the impact. If there is a big rss impact then we probably want to consider
>>>>>>> that problem at the same time as the rewrite of the analysis manager.
>>>>>>> -- Sean Silva
>>>>>>> On Thu, Jul 14, 2016 at 12:51 AM, Sean Silva <chisophugis at gmail.com>
>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>> On Wed, Jul 13, 2016 at 1:48 AM, Sean Silva <chisophugis at gmail.com>
>>>>>>>> wrote:
>>>>>>>>> On Wed, Jul 13, 2016 at 12:34 AM, Chandler Carruth <
>>>>>>>>> chandlerc at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> On Wed, Jul 13, 2016 at 12:25 AM Sean Silva <
>>>>>>>>>> chisophugis at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jul 12, 2016 at 11:39 PM, Chandler Carruth <
>>>>>>>>>>> chandlerc at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jul 12, 2016 at 11:34 PM Sean Silva <
>>>>>>>>>>>> chisophugis at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jul 12, 2016 at 11:32 PM, Xinliang David Li <
>>>>>>>>>>>>> davidxl at google.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> On Tue, Jul 12, 2016 at 10:57 PM, Chandler Carruth <
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> chandlerc at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Yea, this is a nasty problem.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> One important thing to understand is that this is specific
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> to analyses which hold references to other analyses. While this isn't
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> unheard of, it isn't as common as it could be. Still, definitely something
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> we need to address.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> We can call this type of dependencies (holding references)
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> hard-dependency. The soft dependency refers to the case where analysis 'A'
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> depends on 'B' during computation, but does not need 'B' once it is
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> computed.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> There are actually quite a few examples of hard-dependency
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> case. For instance LoopAccessInfo, LazyValueInfo etc which hold references
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Problem involving hard-dependency is actually easier to
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> detect, as it is usually a compile time problem. Issues involving soft
>>>>>>>>>>>>>> dependencies are more subtle and can lead to wrong code gen.
>>>>>>>>>>>>> Did you mean to say that soft-dependency problems are easier
>>>>>>>>>>>>> to detect? At least my intuition is that soft-dependency is easier because
>>>>>>>>>>>>> there is no risk of dangling pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>>> The issue is that the fact that there is *any* dependency isn't
>>>>>>>>>>>> clear.
>>>>>>>>>>>> However, I think the only real problem here are these "hard
>>>>>>>>>>>> dependencies" (I don't really like that term though). For others, only an
>>>>>>>>>>>> analysis that is *explicitly* preserved survives. So I'm not worried about
>>>>>>>>>>>> the fact that people have to remember this.
>>>>>>>>>>>> The question is how often there are cross-data-structure
>>>>>>>>>>>> references. David mentions a few examples, and I'm sure there are more, but
>>>>>>>>>>>> it isn't clear to me yet whether this is pervasive or occasional.
>>>>>>>>>>> I just did a quick run-through of PassRegistry.def and this is
>>>>>>>>>>> what I found:
>>>>>>>>>>> Module analyses: 0/5 hold pointers to other analyses
>>>>>>>>>>> CallGraph: No pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> LazyCallGraph: No pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> ProfileSummaryAnalysis: No pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> TargetLibraryAnalysis: No pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> VerifierAnalysis: No pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> Module alias analyses: 1/1 keeps pointer to other analysis.
>>>>>>>>>>> GlobalsAA: Result keeps pointer to TLI (this is a function
>>>>>>>>>>> analysis).
>>>>>>>>>>> Function analyses: 9/17 keep pointers to other analysis
>>>>>>>>>>> AAManager: Its Result holds TLI pointer and pointers to
>>>>>>>>>>> individual AA result objects.
>>>>>>>>>>> AssumptionAnalysis: No pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> BlockFrequencyAnalysis: Its Result holds pointers to LoopInfo
>>>>>>>>>>> and BPI.
>>>>>>>>>>> BranchProbabilityAnalysis: Stores no pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> (uses LoopInfo to "recalculate" though)
>>>>>>>>>>> DominatorTreeAnalysis: Stores no pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> PostDominatorTreeAnalysis: Stores no pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> DemandedBitsAnalysis: Stores pointers to AssumptionCache
>>>>>>>>>>> and DominatorTree
>>>>>>>>>>> DominanceFrontierAnalysis: Stores no pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> (uses DominatorTreeAnalysis for "recalculate" though).
>>>>>>>>>>> LoopInfo: Uses DominatorTreeAnalysis for "recalculate" but
>>>>>>>>>>> stores no pointers.
>>>>>>>>>>> LazyValueAnalysis: Stores pointers to AssumptionCache,
>>>>>>>>>>> TargetLibraryInfo, DominatorTree.
>>>>>>>>>>> DependenceAnalysis: Stores pointers to AliasAnalysis,
>>>>>>>>>>> ScalarEvolution, LoopInfo
>>>>>>>>>>> MemoryDependenceAnalysis: Stores pointers to AliasAnalysis,
>>>>>>>>>>> AssumptionCache, TargetLibraryInfo, DominatorTree
>>>>>>>>>>> MemorySSAAnalysis: Stores pointers to AliasAnalysis,
>>>>>>>>>>> DominatorTree
>>>>>>>>>>> RegionInfoAnalysis: Stores pointers to DomTree, PostDomTree,
>>>>>>>>>>> DomFrontier
>>>>>>>>>>> ScalarEvolutionAnalysis: Stores pointers to TargetLibraryInfo,
>>>>>>>>>>> AssumptionCache, DominatorTree, LoopInfo
>>>>>>>>>>> TargetLibraryAnalysis: Has no dependencies
>>>>>>>>>>> TargetIRAnalysis: Has no dependencies.
>>>>>>>>>>> Function alias analyses: 3/5 keep pointers to other analyses
>>>>>>>>>>> BasicAA: Keeps pointers to TargetLibraryInfo, AssumptionCache,
>>>>>>>>>>> DominatorTree, LoopInfo
>>>>>>>>>>> CFLAA: Keeps pointer to TargetLibraryInfo
>>>>>>>>>>> SCEVAA: Keeps pointer to ScalarEvolution
>>>>>>>>>>> ScopedNoAliasAA: No dependencies
>>>>>>>>>>> TypeBasedAA: No dependencies
>>>>>>>>>>> Total: 13/28 analyses (~50%) hold pointers to other analyses.
>>>>>>>>>>> Of the 15/28 analyses that don't hold pointers, 12/15 simply
>>>>>>>>>>> have no dependencies. Only 3/15 (BPI, LoopInfo, DominanceFrontier) have
>>>>>>>>>>> dependencies that are used just for a "recalculate" step that retains no
>>>>>>>>>>> pointers.
>>>>>>>>>>> So I think it is fair to say that analyses which hold pointers
>>>>>>>>>>> to other analyses is not an exceptional case. In fact, analyses that use
>>>>>>>>>>> other analyses just for a "recalculate" step seems to be the exceptional
>>>>>>>>>>> case (only 3/28 or about 10%)
>>>>>>>>>> Interesting!
>>>>>>>>>> Most of these look like they hold a pointer to the root analysis
>>>>>>>>>> as opposed to detailed objects *inside* the analysis?
>>>>>>>>>> It might make sense to try to handle this very specific pattern
>>>>>>>>>> in a special way of overriding the invalidate routines is too error
>>>>>>>>>> prone.... We could try to make this work "automatically" but I'm
>>>>>>>>>> worried this would be challenging to get right. Open to suggestions of
>>>>>>>>>> course.
>>>>>>>>>> Any other ideas about what would make sense to handle this?
>>>>>>>>>> Does it make sense to override the invalidate routines now and
>>>>>>>>>> iterate from there? I feel like you've done a lot of the research necessary
>>>>>>>>>> for this already...
>>>>>>>>> I'll keep pushing forward tomorrow with building test-suite
>>>>>>>>> successfully using the new PM for the LTO pipeline (I was doing some
>>>>>>>>> unrelated LLD stuff for most of today). It will be interesting to see how
>>>>>>>>> many `invalidate` overrides will be needed to avoid these issues for just
>>>>>>>>> the LTO pipeline on test-suite.
>>>>>>>> I spent the better part of today working on this and will continue
>>>>>>>> tomorrow; this problem seems nastier than I thought. For some reason the
>>>>>>>> LTO pipeline (or something about LTO) seems to hit on these issues much
>>>>>>>> more (I'm talking like 40k lines of ASan error reports from building
>>>>>>>> test-suite with the LTO pipeline in the new PM; per-TU steps still using
>>>>>>>> the old PM). Some notes:
>>>>>>>> - BasicAA's dependence on domtree and loopinfo in the new PM seems
>>>>>>>> to account for quite a few of the problems.
>>>>>>>> - BasicAA and other stuff are marked (by overriding `invalidate` to
>>>>>>>> return false) to never be invalidated because they are "stateless". However
>>>>>>>> they still hold pointers and so they do need to be invalidated.
>>>>>>>> - CallGraph uses AssertingVH (PR28400) and so I needed a workaround
>>>>>>>> similar to r274656 in various passes.
>>>>>>>> - D21921 is holding up -- I haven't hit any issues with the core
>>>>>>>> logic of that patch.
>>>>>>>> - AAResults holds handles to various AA result objects. This means
>>>>>>>> it pretty much always needs to be invalidated unless you are sure that none
>>>>>>>> of the AA's will get invalidated.
>>>>>>>> The existing `invalidate` method doesn't have the right semantics
>>>>>>>> for even an error-prone solution :( We are going to need to make some
>>>>>>>> significant changes to even get basic sanity I think. Perhaps each analysis
>>>>>>>> can expose a "preserve" static function. E.g. instead of
>>>>>>>> `PA.preserve<Foo>();` you have to do `Foo::setPreserved(PA);`.
>>>>>>>> I'm actually not quite sure that that will even work. Once I have
>>>>>>>> test-suite fully building successfully with the LTO pipeline in the new PM
>>>>>>>> I'll be able to give a more confident answer (esp. w.r.t. the manager for
>>>>>>>> different IRUnitT's).
>>>>>>>> But at this point I'm not confident running *any* pass pipeline in
>>>>>>>> the new PM without at least assertions+ASan.
>>>>>>>> We may want to have a proper design discussion around this problem
>>>>>>>> though.
>>>>>>>> Also I'd like to have test-suite working (by hook or by crook) with
>>>>>>>> LTO in the new PM so we can get some numbers on the resident set impact of
>>>>>>>> all this caching; if it is really problematic then we may need to start
>>>>>>>> talking front-and-center about different invalidation policies for keeping
>>>>>>>> this in check instead of leaving it as something that we will be able to
>>>>>>>> patch later.
>>>>>>>> The more I think about it, the more I'm convinced that the real
>>>>>>>> "hard" problem that the new PM is exposing us to is having the ability for
>>>>>>>> any pass to ask for any analysis on any IRUnitT (and any specific IRUnit of
>>>>>>>> that IRUnitT) and have the result stored somewhere and then invalidated.
>>>>>>>> This means that "getAnalysisUsage" is not just a list of passes, but much
>>>>>>>> more complicated and is essentially a set of arbitrary pairs "(analysis,
>>>>>>>> IRUnit)" (and the associated potential tangle of dependencies between the
>>>>>>>> state cached on these tuples). With the old PM, you essentially are looking
>>>>>>>> at a problem of scheduling the lifetime of analyses of the same IRUnit
>>>>>>>> intermingled with transformation passes on that same IRUnit, so you only
>>>>>>>> have the "analysis" part of the tuple above, making things much simpler
>>>>>>>> (and handling dependencies is much simpler too). We've obviously outgrown
>>>>>>>> this model with examples like LAA, AssumptionCacheTracker, etc. that hack
>>>>>>>> around this in the old PM. We may want to have a fresh re-examination of
>>>>>>>> what problems we are exactly trying to solve.
>>>>>>>> For me, my main concern now is what changes need to be made in
>>>>>>>> order to feel confident running a pipeline in the new PM
>>>>>>>> without assertions+ASan.
>>>>>>>> Sorry for the long post, just brain-dumping before heading home.
>>>>>>>> -- Sean Silva
>>>>>>>>> -- Sean Silva
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