[llvm-dev] Possible soundness issue with available_externally (split from "RFC: Add guard intrinsics")

Justin Bogner via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Thu Feb 25 22:40:33 PST 2016

Sanjoy Das via llvm-dev <llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org> writes:
> On Thu, Feb 25, 2016 at 6:35 PM, Duncan P. N. Exon Smith
> <dexonsmith at apple.com> wrote:
>>>  // In C
>>>  void foo() {
>>>    int c;
>>>    if (c) print("X");
>>>    escape(&c);  // escape is an empty function
>>>  }
>>> which I think is not UB in C (is it?), but will boil down to the kind
>>> of IR above.
>> I'm pretty sure the `if (c)` is UB because it's branching on an uninitialized
>> value, which could have a trap representation.
> I am *way* out of my depth here, but what if 'c' was an 'unsigned
> char' (and not an 'int')?  Wouldn't that prevent UB, since it is
> escaped (cannot be a register variable), and is an 'unsigned char'
> (doesn't have a trap representation)?

Nah, C's pretty explicit that using uninitialized locals is undefined
behaviour, regardless of type. From C11 J.2:

  The value of an object with automatic storage duration is used while
  it is indeterminate (6.2.4, 6.7.9, 6.8).

It's also stated in 6.2.4 that "the initial value of the object is

More information about the llvm-dev mailing list