[llvm-dev] Extracting values from tokens

Reid Kleckner via llvm-dev llvm-dev at lists.llvm.org
Thu Aug 27 16:33:39 PDT 2015

I think you're right that intrinsics are better than 'extracttoken'.

The intrinsic tells you what kind of data you want out of the token, and
codegen will fail in an obvious way when you use an intrinsic on the wrong
kind of token. For example, if we tried to extract the SEH exception code
from a statepoint, codegen can abort rather than perhaps working

Sounds like a plan. :)

On Wed, Aug 26, 2015 at 11:38 AM, Joseph Tremoulet <jotrem at microsoft.com>

> Hi,
> Now that we have the token type (http://reviews.llvm.org/rL245029), I
> need an operation that will "extract" a non-token value from a token.  I
> know people have several use cases in mind for tokens, so I wanted to
> solicit feedback on how general the solution should be (so I've cc'ed the
> people from the review of the token change).  I'm also interested in
> getting consensus so that as "extraction"s get added for each use case they
> have similar look-and-feel.
> My particular need here is very narrow:  I need the 'catchpad' operation
> to define a value which is a pointer to the on-heap exception object it
> catches (which my target's personality routine will supply to the handler
> code).  Since the 'catchpad' operation is defined as producing a token, in
> order to get at the exception pointer I need some operation that can take
> that token as input and produce the exception pointer as output.
> Going fully general, I could imagine having an operator with a name like
> 'tokenextract' that is parameterized by the type it produces and accepts
> one argument of type token plus zero or more arguments of arbitrary type
> which indicate what is being extracted.  If we're ever going to want to
> support orthogonal kinds of extractions operating on the same token value,
> I think that approach would break down because it doesn't give a good way
> to specify which kind of extraction is being performed.  On the other hand,
> I think it's entirely plausible that each token-producing operator will
> only ever have a fixed set of extractions that make sense for it, so this
> could be a workable solution under the assumption that the way to interpret
> '%x = tokenextract %tok, ty1 %arg1, ty2 %arg2' (for the sake of e.g.
> lowering out some construct that is represented using token linkage) is to
> first look at the operator defining %tok, and then interpret the selector
> args in the context of that operation.  This in turn implies that each
> token-producing operator's definition (in the Lang Ref) should spell out
> what can be extracted from it and what its convention for selector args
> is.  To my mind, that's a bit too convoluted, and the informal description
> of an operator's selector arg convention really seems like something that
> one ought to be able to specify as typing rules.
> So I find myself arguing against a fully general solution here.  I think
> instead it makes sense for each kind of extraction to specify an intrinsic
> that represents it, with the argument/return types specified in the usual
> way as the signature of the intrinsic.  And on a case-by-case basis any
> intrinsic could be replaced with an instruction, following the same process
> that any other operation follows as it finds its way into the IR.
> Ironically, the intrinsic approach that I'm advocating is awkward for my
> actual use case of extracting an exception pointer from a catchpad -- the
> argument and return types should really be dictated by the personality
> routine, and so can vary from function to function, but intrinsics only
> support a limited form of overloading.  But I think it would be ok to start
> with an intrinsic (called @llvm.eh.get_pad_param or something) that can be
> overloaded to return anyptr (or maybe anyptr + anyint) and not worry about
> more overloading until/unless we have more use cases.
> Thoughts?
> Thanks
> -Joseph
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