[LLVMdev] Proposal for new Legalization framework
David.Chisnall at cl.cam.ac.uk
Thu Apr 25 01:50:30 PDT 2013
On 25 Apr 2013, at 01:01, Dan Gohman <dan433584 at gmail.com> wrote:
> The main alternative approach that's been discussed is to do FastISel to a target-independent opcode set on MachineInstrs, and then do legalization and ultimately the last phase off instruction selection proper after that. The most obvious advantage of using LLVM IR for legalization is that it's (currently) more developer-friendly. The most obvious advantage of using MachineInstrs is that they would make it easier to do low-level manipulations. Also, doing legalization on MachineInstrs would mean avoiding having LLVM-IR-level optimization passes which lower the IR, which has historically been a design goal of LLVM.
The approach taken in WHIRL, which has a lot of advantages, is exactly to lower the IR. It seems strange that in the back end we have Machine* classes that correspond very closely to IR equivalents, but which don't share any code and often have subtly different interfaces. The approach taken in WHIRL is to progressively replace machine-independent bits of the IR with machine-dependent ones, with abstract instructions being replaced with machine instructions, abstract registers with machine registers, and so on.
I would be interested to know the rationale behind the design choice to avoid this, as it seems the obvious way of designing a compiler. The down side would be that you couldn't take any random pass that expected target-independent IR and run it, but you never actually want to do this once you've handed off to the codegen infrastructure anyway.
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