[LLVMdev] Adding DenseMap::FindAndConstruct with a default value

Eli Friedman eli.friedman at gmail.com
Fri Jun 6 01:39:06 PDT 2008

On Fri, Jun 6, 2008 at 12:27 AM, Matthijs Kooijman <matthijs at stdin.nl> wrote:
>> Assuming the default value is not a valid entry in your map (for instance,
>> if you're using pointers), you can do:
>> Foo& entry = DenseMap[Key]
>> if (entry == DefaultValue)
>>       entry = constructNewValue();
> The problem here is that the DefaultValue is undefined. However, Chris
> suggested that the default value, ValueT(), is not undefined but simply zero.

This is correct; from the standard: "The expression T(), where T is a
simple-type-specifier ( for a non-array complete object type
or the (possibly cv-qualified) void type, creates an rvalue of the
specified type, which is value-initialized."  (Section 5.2.3
[expr.type.conv] in the C++0x draft standard; I don't have the
published standard on hand.) And value-initialization is defined to be
zero-initialization for scalar types. (Section 8.5 [dcl.init] in the
C++0x draft.)

> However, on IRC someone was quite positive that it would become undefined.

The reason this is kind of confusing is that in a lot of places, the
standard says something along the lines of "if this object is a
non-POD type, value-initialize it; otherwise, leave it uninitialized"
(examples include automatic variables and class members).


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