[llvm] r197272 - [block-freq] Add the method APInt::nearestLogBase2().

Duncan P. N. Exon Smith dexonsmith at apple.com
Sun Dec 15 22:39:36 PST 2013

On 2013 Dec 15, at 20:41, Michael Gottesman <mgottesman at apple.com> wrote:

> On Dec 15, 2013, at 2:44 PM, Duncan P. N. Exon Smith <dexonsmith at apple.com> wrote:
>> I thought of another degenerate case, and unfortunately I think the
>> current code gets the wrong answer:
>> - APInt(1, 1).nearestLogBase2() == 0 // lg(1) should give 0, not 1.
> This is incorrect since log2 is not a well defined operation in Z/Z_1. If one defines log2(x) as the largest N such that 2^N < x then since in Z/Z_1, 2^N = 0^N, N could be any number. In reality we should probably add in an assertion to make sure that the routines are only called if the BitWidth is > 1.

I’m not convinced that lg(1) is undefined; whether 2 itself is
representable is irrelevant.  Even if I’m wrong, the following
would be surprising:

    x.logBase2()        => 0
    x.ceilLogBase2()    => 0
    x.nearestLogBase2() => 1 ???

AFAICT, countLeadingZeros() hits at least two branches before
calling __builtin_clz, so the micro-optimization won't give
much benefit in practice anyway.

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