[llvm-bugs] [Bug 35068] New: Possible bad optimisation of unsigned atomic fetch_sub(1) > 1 on x64

via llvm-bugs llvm-bugs at lists.llvm.org
Tue Oct 24 17:19:27 PDT 2017


            Bug ID: 35068
           Summary: Possible bad optimisation of unsigned atomic
                    fetch_sub(1) > 1 on x64
           Product: libraries
           Version: trunk
          Hardware: PC
                OS: Windows NT
            Status: NEW
          Severity: enhancement
          Priority: P
         Component: Backend: X86
          Assignee: unassignedbugs at nondot.org
          Reporter: lewissbaker at gmail.com
                CC: llvm-bugs at lists.llvm.org

I have some C++ coroutine code that appears to be generating incorrect assembly
for some atomic operations used to perform reference counting.

The issue arose when testing the 'generic_ops' branch of cppcoro
(https://github.com/lewissbaker/cppcoro/tree/generic_ops) and seems to be
causing many of the 'shared_task' tests to fail under clang optimised builds.

I have reduced the issue down to what I believe is the root cause:

I have an await_suspend() method that looks like:

bool await_suspend(std::experimental::coroutine_handle<promise_type> h)
  // Decrement reference count and return true to suspend if there are
  // still outstanding references.
  // Note that m_refCount has type std::atomic<std::uint32_t>.
  return h.promise().m_refCount.fetch_sub(1, std::memory_order_acq_rel) > 1;

When targeting clang x64 -O3 builds this generates assembly which looks like:
  add dword ptr [rdi + 16], -1
  jbe .cleanup

In this instance, the code generated should only be taking the branch if
await_suspend() returns false (ie. the initial value was 0 or 1).

The jbe instruction takes the branch if either ZF=1 or CF=1.

ZF=1 would only occur if the result of the add is zero (ie. initial value was

However, since we're adding -1 (0xFFFFFFFF), I'm assuming this would cause
unsigned integer overflow and thus set CF=1 for all values except an initial
value of zero.

Thus the branch would seem to be taken if initial value > 0 rather than if the
initial value was 0 or 1, as required.

Should it be using a 'lock sub' instruction instead of 'lock add'?
  sub dword ptr [rdi + 16], 1
  jbe .cleanup

The sub instruction would only trigger unsigned overflow (ie. set CF=1) if the
original value is 0, and would only set ZF=1 if result is zero (ie. original
value is 1), which would give the desired result when used with subsequent jbe

Example source code that reproduces the issue is available here:

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