[LLVMbugs] [Bug 9485] New: Exception specifications should only be instantiated when the function is

bugzilla-daemon at llvm.org bugzilla-daemon at llvm.org
Tue Mar 15 13:18:09 PDT 2011


           Summary: Exception specifications should only be instantiated
                    when the function is
           Product: clang
           Version: trunk
          Platform: PC
        OS/Version: All
            Status: NEW
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P
         Component: C++
        AssignedTo: unassignedclangbugs at nondot.org
        ReportedBy: sebastian.redl at getdesigned.at
                CC: llvmbugs at cs.uiuc.edu, dgregor at apple.com


template <typename T>
void f1(T) throw(typename T::exception);
template <typename T>
void f1(T, int = 0) throw(typename T::noitpecxe);

template <typename T>
void f2(T) noexcept(T::throws);
template <typename T>
void f2(T, int = 0) noexcept(T::sworht);

void test() {

The above test case can distinguish between the treatment of exception
specifications during overload resolution and template instantiations. There
are three possible outcomes:
1) The program fails with an ambiguity error. This is what the standard says
should happen, because exception specifications are not part of the function
type and thus are not instantiated during overload resolution, only when
actually instantiating the function. So both templates are equally valid. This
is what Comeau Online does. (For the throw() spec. Comeau doesn't yet support
2) The program fails with no available overloads. This is what would happen if
the exception specification were a SFINAE context. This also happens to be what
GCC 4.5 does. (Again, for throw(). I don't have handy access to GCC 4.6.)
3) The program generates errors when resolving the overloads, because int
cannot be used on the left side of ::. This is what happens when the compiler
instantiates the spec together with the type, but doesn't treat it as a SFINAE

Clang first produces the error from 3, but then also produces the error from 1.

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