[LLVMbugs] [Bug 8127] New: Templated Default Arguments in C++ Member Functions Not Left Unevaluated

bugzilla-daemon at llvm.org bugzilla-daemon at llvm.org
Fri Sep 10 16:51:54 PDT 2010


           Summary: Templated Default Arguments in C++ Member Functions
                    Not Left Unevaluated
           Product: clang
           Version: trunk
          Platform: PC
        OS/Version: Linux
            Status: NEW
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P
         Component: C++
        AssignedTo: unassignedclangbugs at nondot.org
        ReportedBy: colin at colinsmith.org
                CC: llvmbugs at cs.uiuc.edu, dgregor at apple.com

I just started trying to get Clang to compile a rather large piece of
scientific code and ran into a problem that I'm not sure is a bug or a
violation of the C++ spec. The codebase uses smart-pointers which are templated
on classes that are subclasses of a reference counted class (like Boost
intrusive_ptr). To cut down on compile time, many of those subclasses are
forward declared, which Clang handles great. The problem comes when one of
those forward declared subclasses is used as an argument in a member function
and given a default value. A very stripped down snippet of code which
reproduces the error is the following:

template< typename T > class PointerClass {
    PointerClass( T * object_p ) : p_( object_p ) {
    T * p_;

class ExternallyImplementedClass;

class MyClass {
    void foo( PointerClass<ExternallyImplementedClass> = 0 );

int main(void) {
    return 0;

This compiles fine with gcc (and probably Visual C++), but produces an error
with Clang. The error goes away if the "= 0" is removed. The error produced is
the following:

clang_test.cc:4:5: error: member access into incomplete type
clang_test.cc:13:55: note: in instantiation of member function
'PointerClass<ExternallyImplementedClass>::PointerClass' requested here
       void foo( PointerClass<ExternallyImplementedClass> = 0 );
clang_test.cc:10:7: note: forward declaration of 'ExternallyImplementedClass'
class ExternallyImplementedClass;
1 error generated.

Because the foo function is never used and its implementation would be in
another file, I'm not sure why PointerClass<ExternallyImplementedClass> would
be getting instantiated. When a piece of code would be using foo, it would have
access to the full header for ExternallyImplementedClass and make instantiation

Comment from Douglas Gregor off the e-mail list:

This is definitely a bug in Clang. We're not treating default arguments as
unevaluated contexts, so we perform template instantiation when we shouldn't.
Could you file this as a bug against Clang? 

    - Doug

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