[Lldb-commits] [PATCH] D32930: New framework for lldb client-server communication tests.

Zachary Turner via lldb-commits lldb-commits at lists.llvm.org
Wed May 31 14:02:43 PDT 2017

This hypothetical DSL could still run SB API statements.  I don't
necessarily think it *should*, since what the SB API does and what the
commands do are very different (for example SBTarget.Create() does
something entirely different than "target create", so you're not actually
testing what the debugger does when you create a target, you're only
testing what this API does that is not really used outside of IDE
integration and scripting scenarios.  But it could.

I mean in theory you could have a test that looks like:

# input_file: foo.cpp
# int main(int argc, char **argv) {
#    return 0;
# }
bp1 = set_breakpoint(foo.cpp:2)
bp2 = set_breakpoint(foo.cpp at _main)
expect(bp1.hits == 1)
expect(bp2.hits == 1)

A test consisting of 1 file and 9 lines is a lot easier to understand to me
than a test consisting of a python file, a Makefile, and a source file,
where the python file is a minimum of 20 lines with complicated setup and
initialization steps that are mostly boilerplate.

Note that I'm not necessarily even advocating for something that looks like
the above, it just is the first thing that came to mind.

As a first pass, you could literally just have lit be the thing that walks
the directory tree scanning for test files, then invoking Make and running
the existing .py files.  That would already be a big improvement.  1000
lines of python code that many people understand and actively maintain /
improve is better than 2000 lines of python code that nobody understands
and nobody really maintains / improves.

On Wed, May 31, 2017 at 1:45 PM Jim Ingham <jingham at apple.com> wrote:

> > On May 31, 2017, at 12:22 PM, Zachary Turner <zturner at google.com> wrote:
> >
> > Writing tests that are
> >
> > A) as easy as possible to write and understand
> I've never understood why you consider the tests in our test case hard to
> write or understand.  Till I added the example directory, you had to go
> search around for an exemplar to work from, which was a bit of a pain.  But
> now you copy whichever of the examples you want into place, and you have a
> process stopped somewhere and ready to poke at.  You do need to learn some
> SB API's but on that see below...
> > B) built on a multiprocessing infrastructure that is battle tested and
> known to not be flaky
> We haven't come across failures in the tests caused by the test
> infrastructure in a while now.  The multiprocessing flakiness I've seen is
> because you are trying to run many tests in parallel, and some of those
> tests require complex setup and that times out when machines are heavily
> loaded.  And for the most part we solve that by running the tests that
> require timeouts serially.  That seems a solved problem as well.
> > C) Familiar to other llvm developers, so as to not discourage subject
> matter experts from other areas to make relevant improvements to LLDB
> >
> If I were a developer coming new to lldb now, and had to write a test
> case, I would have to learn something about how the SB API's work (that and
> a little Python.)  The test case part is pretty trivial, especially when
> copying from the sample tests.  Learning the SB API's is a bit of a pain,
> but having done that the next time I wanted to write some little breakpoint
> command to do something clever when doing my own debugging, I now have some
> skills at my fingertips that are going to come in really handy.
> If we change over the tests so what I did instead was learn some DSL to
> describe lldb tests (which would probably not be entirely trivial, and
> likely not much easier than the SB API's which are very straight-forward) I
> have learned nothing useful outside of writing tests.  Not sure how that's
> a benefit.
> For the tests that can be decoupled from running processes, that have
> simple data in and out and don't require much other state - again the frame
> unwinder tests are a perfect example - writing separable tests for that
> seems great.  But in those cases you are generally poking API's and I don't
> see how coming up with some DSL that is general enough to represent this is
> any advantage over how those tests are currently written with gtest.
> >
> > For example, I assume you are on board at least to some extent with
> lldbinline tests.
> The part of the inline tests that allow you to express the tests you want
> to run next to the code you stop in is fine till it doesn't work - at which
> point debugging them becomes a real PITN.  But they still use the common
> currencies of the command line or SB API's to actually perform the tests.
> I'd be less interested if this was some special purpose language of our own
> devising.  I can't at all see wanting to learn that if the only use it
> would be to me is for writing tests.
> > After all, they're simpler than the other style of test. Now, suppose
> there were some hypothetical DSL that allowed every test to be an inline
> test but still test equally complicated scenarios in half the code. Then
> suppose it also ran on a more robust multiprocessing infrastructure than
> dotest.py. That's all we're really talking about
> Thanks for the clarification.
> Jim
> > On Wed, May 31, 2017 at 12:06 PM Jim Ingham via lldb-commits <
> lldb-commits at lists.llvm.org> wrote:
> > Before we get past "it's hard" to "just to do it", it would help me to
> be clear first on what you are actually trying to achieve with this
> proposal.  It's not clear to me what problem are people trying to solve
> here?  If it is writing tests for the decomposable parts of lldb - like the
> tests Jason wrote for the unwinder recently - why was the gtest path not a
> good way to do this?  If it is rewriting the parts of the testsuite that
> exercise the debugger on live targets what would a lit-based suite do that
> we can't do with the current testsuite?  Or maybe you are thinking of some
> other good I'm missing?
> >
> > Jim
> >
> >
> > > On May 31, 2017, at 10:37 AM, Zachary Turner via Phabricator via
> lldb-commits <lldb-commits at lists.llvm.org> wrote:
> > >
> > > zturner added a comment.
> > >
> > > In https://reviews.llvm.org/D32930#767820, @beanz wrote:
> > >
> > >> One small comment below. In general I agree with the thoughts here,
> and I think that this is a huge step forward for testing the debug server
> components.
> > >>
> > >> I also agree with Zachary in principal that it would be nice to come
> up with lit-based test harnesses for more parts of LLDB, although I'm
> skeptical about whether or not that is actually the best way to test the
> debug server pieces. Either way, this is a huge step forward from what we
> have today, so we should go with it.
> > >
> > >
> > > It would be nice if, at some point, we could move past "It's hard" and
> start getting into the details of what's hard about it.  (Note this goes
> for LLDB client as well as lldb server).  I see a lot of general hand-wavy
> comments about how conditionals are needed, or variables, etc, but that
> doesn't really do anything to convince me that it's hard.  After all, we
> wrote a C++ compiler!  And I'm pretty sure that the compiler-rt and
> sanitizer test suite is just as complicated as, if not more complicated
> than any hypothetical lldb test suite.  And those have been solved.
> > >
> > > What *would* help would be to ignore how difficult it may or may not
> be, and just take a couple of tests and re-write them in some DSL that you
> invent specifically for this purpose that is as concise as possible yet as
> expressive as you need, and we go from there.  I did this with a couple of
> fairly hairy tests a few months ago and it didn't seem that bad to me.
> > >
> > > The thing is, the set of people who are experts on the client side of
> LLDB and the set of people who are experts on the client side of
> LLVM/lit/etc are mostly disjoint, so nothing is ever going to happen
> without some sort of collaboration.  For example, I'm more than willing to
> help out writing the lit bits of it, but I would need a specification of
> what the test language needs to look like to support all of the use cases.
> And someone else has to provide that since we want to get the design
> right.  Even if implementing the language is hard, deciding what it needs
> to look like is supposed to be the easy part!
> > >
> > >
> > > https://reviews.llvm.org/D32930
> > >
> > >
> > >
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