[cfe-dev] [RFC] Delayed target-specific diagnostic when compiling for the devices.

Alexey Bataev via cfe-dev cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org
Wed Jan 9 07:02:56 PST 2019

Hi, many of the OpenMP users experience troubles when they try to
compile real-world OpenMP applications, which use offloading constructs.

Problem Description
For example, let’s look at the abstract code:
void target_unused() {
  int a;
          : "=a"(a)
          :         // None

void target_used() {
  int a;
          : "=a"(a)
          :         // None

void foo() {
#pragma omp target
Assume, we going to compile this code on X86_64 host to run on the
NVidia NVPTX64 device. When we compile this code for the host,
everything is good. But when we compile the same code for the NVPTX64
target, we get the next error messages:
11:13: error: invalid output constraint '=a' in asm
20:13: error: invalid output constraint '=a' in asm
But, actually, we should see only one error message, the second one, for
the function `target_used()`, which is actually used in the target
region. The second function, `target_unused()` is used only on the host
and we should no produce error message for this function when we compile
the code for the device.

The main problem with those functions is that they are not marked
explicitly as the device functions, just like it is required in CUDA. In
OpenMP, it is not required to mark them explicitly as the device-only or
both device-host function. They can be marked implicitly, depending of
the fact that they are used in target-based constructs (probably,
indirectly, through chain of calls) or not.

That’s why we need to postpone some of the target-related diagnostics
till the CodeGen phase.

Possible solution.
1. Move target-specific checks to the CodeGen.

The best solutions of all, does not require significant redesign of the
existing code base, just requires some copy-paste of the diagnostics and
the associated logic.

2. Add special delayed diagnostics class, associate it with the
declarations somehow and check it for each declaration during the CodeGen.

Requires redesign of the diagnostic subsystem + redesign of the codegen
subsystem, at least.

3. Introduce special expression, statement and declaration nodes.

This nodes serve only as the containers for the target-specific error
messages, generated in Sema. During the codegen phase, if the codegen
run into one of such constructs, it just emits the diagnostic, stored in
these nodes.

Requires additional expression/statement/declarations nodes + looks like
a hack.

Best regards,
Alexey Bataev

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