[cfe-dev] [RFC][OpenCL] Pass alignment of arguments in local addr space for device-side enqueued kernel to __enqueue_kernel functions

Anastasia Stulova via cfe-dev cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org
Tue Dec 19 07:21:09 PST 2017


> For example, if a block kernel has argument local int4*. Its alignment should be 16 bytes.


Perhaps I am missing something but I still don't see anything in the spec that requires pointers themselves to take alignment from the pointee type. In your example int4* should be aligned to the pointer size (either 4 or 8 bites) while int4 should be 16 byte aligned. Clang will set the alignment of load and store operations correctly according to their data types specified in the source code (which is mainly inherited from C implementation apart from some special data types like vectors). The arguments passed to kernels are allocated elsewhere and OpenCL compiler has no control over this.

Regarding enqueued kernels as far as I understand you suggest to add block argument alignment info into builtin? Even though it shouldn't be strictly necessary I believe some implementation can indeed be done more efficiently using this. So I don't see any problem adding this. However, spec (s6.13.17.2) mandates that the enqueued block function only has void* types as parameters: "Each argument must be declared to be a void pointer to local memory."  So could you elaborate please where exactly do you plan to get the optimal alignment from?

Thanks,
Anastasia

________________________________
From: Liu, Yaxun (Sam) <Yaxun.Liu at amd.com>
Sent: 15 December 2017 19:08
To: Anastasia Stulova; cfe-dev (cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org); Bader, Alexey (alexey.bader at intel.com)
Cc: Sumner, Brian; nd
Subject: RE: [RFC][OpenCL] Pass alignment of arguments in local addr space for device-side enqueued kernel to __enqueue_kernel functions


Spec reference:



OpenCL v2.0 s6.1.5

The OpenCL compiler is responsible for aligning data items to the appropriate alignment as required by the data type. For arguments to a __kernel function declared to be a pointer to a data type, the OpenCL compiler can assume that the pointee is always appropriately aligned as required by the data type. The behavior of an unaligned load or store is undefined, except for the vloadn, vload_halfn, vstoren, and vstore_halfn functions defined in section 6.13.7.



s6.2.5

Casting a pointer to a new type represents an unchecked assertion that the address is correctly aligned.



The C Standard, 6.3.2.3, paragraph 7 [ISO/IEC 9899:2011], states



A pointer to an object or incomplete type may be converted to a pointer to a different object or incomplete type. If the resulting pointer is not correctly aligned for the referenced type, the behavior is undefined.



For example, if a block kernel has argument local int4*. Its alignment should be 16 bytes. Passing a pointer aligned to 1 byte may result in undefined behavior. Most hardware can still load from the unaligned memory but will a performance hit. If runtime wants to avoid the performance hit, it has to allocate the buffer at maximum possible alignment e.g. 32 bytes, which will result in wasted memory.



Sam



From: Anastasia Stulova [mailto:Anastasia.Stulova at arm.com]
Sent: Friday, December 15, 2017 10:40 AM
To: Liu, Yaxun (Sam) <Yaxun.Liu at amd.com>; cfe-dev (cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org) <cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org>; Bader, Alexey (alexey.bader at intel.com) <alexey.bader at intel.com>
Cc: Sumner, Brian <Brian.Sumner at amd.com>; nd <nd at arm.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC][OpenCL] Pass alignment of arguments in local addr space for device-side enqueued kernel to __enqueue_kernel functions





> OpenCL spec requires that a pointer should be aligned to at least the pointee type.



So a pointer to int16 would be 64 byte aligned? Seems strange though. Can you give me the spec reference?

> Otherwise, __enqueue_kernel has to either allocate unaligned local buffer, which degrades performance, or allocates local buffer with extra alignment therefore wasted memory space.

Can you explain in more details here, please.

Cheer,
Anastasia

________________________________

From: Liu, Yaxun (Sam) <Yaxun.Liu at amd.com<mailto:Yaxun.Liu at amd.com>>
Sent: 01 December 2017 19:45
To: Anastasia Stulova; cfe-dev (cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org<mailto:cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org>); Bader, Alexey (alexey.bader at intel.com<mailto:alexey.bader at intel.com>)
Cc: Sumner, Brian
Subject: [RFC][OpenCL] Pass alignment of arguments in local addr space for device-side enqueued kernel to __enqueue_kernel functions



Hi,



OpenCL spec requires that a pointer should be aligned to at least the pointee type. Therefore, if a device-side enqueued kernel has a local int* argument, it should be aligned to 4 bytes.



Since these buffers in local addr space are allocated by __enqueue_kernel, it needs to know the alignment of these buffers, not just their sizes.



Although such information is not passed to the original OpenCL builtin function enqueue_kernel, it can be obtained by checking the prototype of the block invoke function at compile time.



I would like to create a patch to pass this information to  __enqueue_kernel. Otherwise, __enqueue_kernel has to either allocate unaligned local buffer, which degrades performance, or allocates local buffer with extra alignment therefore wasted memory space.



Any comments?



Thanks.



Sam
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://lists.llvm.org/pipermail/cfe-dev/attachments/20171219/01fdc231/attachment-0001.html>


More information about the cfe-dev mailing list