[cfe-dev] Making MSAN Easier to Use: Providing a Sanitized Libc++

Jonathan Roelofs via cfe-dev cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org
Mon Aug 15 11:37:11 PDT 2016



On 8/15/16 12:14 PM, Evgenii Stepanov wrote:
> On Mon, Aug 15, 2016 at 7:24 AM, Jonathan Roelofs
> <jonathan at codesourcery.com> wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 8/14/16 7:31 PM, Hal Finkel wrote:
>>>
>>> ----- Original Message -----
>>>>
>>>> From: "Jonathan Roelofs via cfe-dev" <cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org> To:
>>>> "Eric Fiselier" <eric at efcs.ca>, "clang developer list"
>>>> <cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org>, "Chandler Carruth" <chandlerc at gmail.com>,
>>>> "Kostya Serebryany" <kcc at google.com>, "Evgenii Stepanov"
>>>> <eugenis at google.com> Sent: Sunday, August 14, 2016 7:07:00 PM
>>>> Subject: Re: [cfe-dev] Making MSAN Easier to Use: Providing a
>>>> Sanitized       Libc++
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On 8/14/16 4:05 PM, Eric Fiselier via cfe-dev wrote:
>>>>>
>>>>> Sanitizers such as MSAN require the entire program to be
>>>>> instrumented, anything less leads to plenty of false positives.
>>>>> Unfortunately this can be difficult to achieve, especially for
>>>>> the C and C++ standard libraries. To work around this the
>>>>> sanitizers provide interceptors for common C functions, but the
>>>>> same solution doesn't work as well for the C++ STL. Instead users
>>>>> are forced to manually build and link a custom sanitized libc++.
>>>>> This is a huge PITA and I would like to improve the situation,
>>>>> not just for MSAN but all sanitizers. I'm working on a proposal
>>>>> to change this. The basis of my proposal is:
>>>>>
>>>>> Clang should install/provide multiple sanitized versions of
>>>>> Libc++ and a mechanism to easily link them, as if they were a
>>>>> Compiler-RT runtime.
>>>>>
>>>>> The goal of this proposal is:
>>>>>
>>>>> (1) Greatly reduce the number of false positives caused by using
>>>>> an un-sanitized STL. (2) Allow sanitizers to catch user bugs that
>>>>> occur within the STL library, not just its headers.
>>>>>
>>>>> The basic steps I would like to take to achieve this are:
>>>>>
>>>>> (1) Teach the compiler-rt CMake how to build and install each
>>>>> sanitized libc++ version along side its other runtimes. (2) Add
>>>>> options to the Clang driver to support linking/using these
>>>>> libraries.
>>>>>
>>>>> I think this proposal is likely to be contentious, so I would
>>>>> like to focus on the details it. Once I have some feedback on
>>>>> these details I'll put together a formal proposal, including a
>>>>> plan for implementing it. The details I would like input on are:
>>>>>
>>>>> (A) What kind and how many sanitized versions of libc++ should
>>>>> we provide?
>>>>>
>>>>> ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>> I think the minimum set would be Address (which includes Leak),
>>>>>
>>>>> Memory (With origin tracking?), Thread, and Undefined. Once we
>>>>> get into combinations of sanitizers things get more complicated.
>>>>> What other sanitizer combinations should we provide?
>>>>>
>>>>> (B) How should we handle UBSAN?
>>>>> ---------------------------------------------------
>>>>>
>>>>> UBSAN is really just a collection of sanitizers and providing
>>>>> sanitized versions of libc++ for every possible configuration is
>>>>> out of the question. Instead we should figure out what subset of
>>>>> UBSAN checks we want to enable in sanitized libc++ versions. I
>>>>> suspect we want to disable the following checks.
>>>>>
>>>>> * -fsanitize=vptr * -fsanitize=function *
>>>>> -fsanitize=float-divide-by-zero
>>>>>
>>>>> Additionally UBSAN can be combined with every other sanitizer
>>>>> group (ie Address, Memory, Thread). Do we want to provide a
>>>>> combination of UBSAN on/off for every group, or can we simply
>>>>> provide an over-sanitized version with UBSAN on?
>>>>>
>>>>> (C) How should the Clang driver expose the sanitized libraries
>>>>> to the users?
>>>>>
>>>>> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>> I would like to propose the driver option '-fsanitize-stdlib' and
>>>>>
>>>>> '-fsanitize-stdlib=<sanitizer>'. The first version deduces the
>>>>> best sanitized version to use, the second allows it to be
>>>>> explicitly specified.
>>>>>
>>>>> A couple of other options are:
>>>>>
>>>>> * -fsanitize=foo:  Implicitly turn on a sanitized STL. Clang
>>>>> deduces which version. * -stdlib=libc++-<sanitizer>: Explicitly
>>>>> turn on and choose a sanitized STL.
>>>>>
>>>>> (D) Should sanitized libc++ versions override libc++.so?
>>>>>
>>>>> -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>> For example, what happens when a program links to both a sanitized
>>>>>
>>>>> and non-sanitized libc++ version? Does the sanitized version
>>>>> replace the non-sanitized version, or should both versions be
>>>>> loaded into the program?
>>>>>
>>>>> Essentially I'm asking if the sanitized versions of libc++
>>>>> should have the "soname" libc++ so they can replace non-sanitized
>>>>> version, or if they should have a different "soname" so the
>>>>> linker treats them as a separate library.
>>>>>
>>>>> I haven't looked into the consequences of either approach in
>>>>> depth, but any input is appreciated.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> In a sense, these are /just/ multilibs, so my inclination would be
>>>> to make all the soname's the same, and just stick them in
>>>> appropriately named subfolders relative to their normal location.
>>>
>>>
>>> I'm not sure that's true; there's no property of the environment that
>>> determines which library path you need. As a practical matter, I
>>> can't set $PLATFORM and/or $LIB in my rpath and have ld.so do the
>>> right thing in this context. Moreover, it is really a property of how
>>> you compiled, so I think using an alternate library name is natural.
>>
>>
>> Multilibs solve exactly the problem of "it's a property of how you
>> compiled". The thing that's subtly different here is that the usual thing
>> that people do with multilibs is to provide ABI incompatible versions of the
>> same library (which are made incompatible via compiler flags, -msoft-float,
>> for example), whereas these libraries just so happen to be ABI compatible
>> with their non-instrumented variants.
>>
>> I'm not sure I understand what you're saying about $PLATFORM and $LIB, but I
>> /think/ it's a red herring: the compiler takes care of adding in the
>> multilib suffixes where appropriate, so shouldn't the answer to "which
>> library do I stick in the rpath?" include said suffix (when compiled with
>> Eric's proposed flag)?
>
> What are these suffixes and where are they added?

To be clear: the suffixes aren't something that exist yet, but rather 
they're something I'm proposing.

Strawman:

flag(s)                         suffix
-------                         ------
-fsanitize=address              /asan
-fsanitize=address,memory       /asan/msan


Then with `-fsanitize=address`:

    /usr/lib/libc++.so

becomes:

    /usr/lib/asan/libc++.so

And with `-fsanitize=memory`, you get:

    /usr/lib/asan/msan/libc++.so

because an msan'd but not asan'd build of the library was not supplied 
by the vendor (for whatever hypothetical reason). Then the validation 
problem of having an exponential number of combinations to test becomes 
the vendor's problem: they can ship as many or as few of the flavors of 
the libraries as they want.

Here you'd have some notion of "satisfies the constraints the user asked 
for" (which is usually "is ABI compatible with" as far as normal 
multilib stuff goes) and another to rank the choices and break ties when 
all else is the same.

>
> Note that right now if I build with -stdlib=libc++ (and libc++ is part
> of llvm checkout), I don't get any RPATH. So the binary is linked
> against the libc++.so in the toolchain build directory, but it would
> not find it at runtime without some extra help. This is the price you
> pay for running out of temp location, and we should probably keep it
> like this for sanitizer builds, too, i.e. put the sanitized libc++ in
> lib/msan and let the user set their own RPATH.

Yeah, that's my inclination also. We could of course provide some flag 
to support querying the compiler for what the sanitizer lib suffix is 
(or re-use/hijack the existing one for normal multilibs). That'd allow 
build scripts to append the suffix in a principled way.

>
> The other part of the problem is how to install sanitized libc++
> system-wide and have apps use it. That's where we need the loader
> support, and I think it should follow the multilib design as close as
> possible.

An idea for this: assuming they're all ABI compatible, stick them in 
their suffixed folders as appropriate, but add a symlink from the no 
suffix location to whatever one you want to be used system-wide.


Jon

>
>>
>>
>> Jon
>>
>>
>>>
>>> -Hal
>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Jon
>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> Conclusion -----------------
>>>>>
>>>>> I hope my proposal and questions have made sense. Any and all
>>>>> input is appreciated. Please let me know if anything needs
>>>>> clarification.
>>>>>
>>>>> /Eric
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> _______________________________________________ cfe-dev mailing
>>>>> list cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org
>>>>> http://lists.llvm.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/cfe-dev
>>>>>
>>>>
>>>> -- Jon Roelofs jonathan at codesourcery.com CodeSourcery / Mentor
>>>> Embedded _______________________________________________ cfe-dev
>>>> mailing list cfe-dev at lists.llvm.org
>>>> http://lists.llvm.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/cfe-dev
>>>>
>>>
>>
>> --
>> Jon Roelofs
>> jonathan at codesourcery.com
>> CodeSourcery / Mentor Embedded

-- 
Jon Roelofs
jonathan at codesourcery.com
CodeSourcery / Mentor Embedded


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