[PATCH] D61175: [MinGW] Don't let template instantiation declarations cover nested classes

Martin Storsjö via Phabricator via cfe-commits cfe-commits at lists.llvm.org
Fri Apr 26 00:47:38 PDT 2019

mstorsjo created this revision.
mstorsjo added reviewers: rnk, hans, smeenai.
Herald added a project: clang.

An explicit template instantiation declaration used to let callers assume both outer and nested classes instantiations were defined in a different translation unit.

If the instantiation is marked dllexport, only the outer class is exported, but the caller will try to reference the instantiation of both outer and inner classes.

This makes MinGW mode match both MSVC and Windows Itanium, by having instantations only cover the outer class, and locally emitting definitions of the nested classes. Windows Itanium was changed to use this behavious in SVN r300804.

This deviates from what GCC does, but should be safe (and only inflate the object file size a bit, but MSVC and Windows Itanium modes do the same), and fixes cases where inner classes aren't dllexported.

This fixes missing references in combination with dllexported/imported template intantiations.

GCC suffers from the same issue, reported at [1], but the issue is still unresolved there. The issue can probably be solved either by making dllexport cover all nested classes as well, or this way (matching MSVC).

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=89087

  rC Clang



Index: test/CodeGenCXX/mingw-template-dllexport.cpp
--- test/CodeGenCXX/mingw-template-dllexport.cpp
+++ test/CodeGenCXX/mingw-template-dllexport.cpp
@@ -1,5 +1,10 @@
 // RUN: %clang_cc1 -emit-llvm -triple i686-mingw32 %s -o - | FileCheck %s
+#define JOIN2(x, y) x##y
+#define JOIN(x, y) JOIN2(x, y)
+#define UNIQ(name) JOIN(name, __LINE__)
+#define USEMEMFUNC(class, func) void (class::*UNIQ(use)())() { return &class::func; }
 template <class T>
 class c {
   void f();
@@ -36,3 +41,10 @@
 // CHECK: define {{.*}} dllexport {{.*}} @_ZN5outerIiE1fEv
 // CHECK-NOT: define {{.*}} dllexport {{.*}} @_ZN5outerIiE5inner1fEv
+extern template class __declspec(dllimport) outer<char>;
+USEMEMFUNC(outer<char>, f)
+USEMEMFUNC(outer<char>::inner, f)
+// CHECK: declare dllimport {{.*}} @_ZN5outerIcE1fEv
+// CHECK: define {{.*}} @_ZN5outerIcE5inner1fEv
Index: lib/Sema/SemaTemplateInstantiate.cpp
--- lib/Sema/SemaTemplateInstantiate.cpp
+++ lib/Sema/SemaTemplateInstantiate.cpp
@@ -2681,10 +2681,14 @@
       if ((Context.getTargetInfo().getCXXABI().isMicrosoft() ||
-           Context.getTargetInfo().getTriple().isWindowsItaniumEnvironment()) &&
+           Context.getTargetInfo().getTriple().isWindowsItaniumEnvironment() ||
+           Context.getTargetInfo().getTriple().isWindowsGNUEnvironment()) &&
           TSK == TSK_ExplicitInstantiationDeclaration) {
         // In MSVC and Windows Itanium mode, explicit instantiation decl of the
         // outer class doesn't affect the inner class.
+        // In GNU mode, inner classes aren't dllexported. Don't let the
+        // instantiation cover the inner class, to avoid undefined references
+        // to inner classes that weren't exported.

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